Table of Contents
Antiseptics for tree for internal and outside works effectively protects material from negative impact of the destroying factors. This article in detail considers the existing types of antiseptics taking into account their properties and assignment. It is possible to find the main recommendations about the choice of qualitative structures with optimum characteristics in the text and also the compoundings allowing to prepare protective impregnation in house conditions.
What is the antiseptics and its assignment: general information about structures
Wood has large number of advantages, it is available in the price, is plain in processing and is ecologically pure. Therefore this material is widely applied to construction of residential units and other constructions. Wood consists of two components: lignin and cellulose.
Cellulose represents the polymeric material having linear structure. In turn, lignin it has more complex structure, multidimensional. Availability of cellulose provides to wood flexibility, and lignin gives it high strength.
In the course of construction of the wooden building you should not forget that in work live material which completely depends on external influence of such criteria is used:
- atmospheric factors (temperature changes, humidity, influence of direct sunshine);
- biological factors (mold, fungi and bacteria, rodents and insects).
Antiseptics allow to reduce negative impact of the biological environment and to prolong wood life cycle.
Why it is necessary to carry out wood processing by anti-septic tank
In the cut-down tree there is dying off of fibers which saprophyte (fungi) begin to eat. To process organic compounds into mineral substances, they use special enzymes. Saprophyte cannot develop without certain temperature, water, oxygen and nutrients. Fungi of this type are wood-destroying and wood stains.
Wood stains saprophyte develop only on the wood having the natural level of humidity. They concentrate mainly in sapwood part of material, only in rare instances getting into kernel.
In the course of the life activity such fungi cause changes in wood coloring, giving it different shades:
Wood stains saprophyte perish under the influence of temperature more than 80 °C. They are not capable to destroy lignin therefore do not affect strength characteristics of wood though can mask availability of decay.
Pay attention! If the tree has ugly shade, it demonstrates that the mode of storage and transportation of timber has been broken.
On the other hand, presence of wood stains fungi indicates that material can be infected by wood-destroying representatives who are capable to spoil material. Therefore in the course of preparation raw materials carefully are dried up, exposed to processing by high temperature and also antiseptics.
In addition to fungi, on wood can lodge:
Seaweed are only capable to spoil exterior of material while bacteria cause its destruction, provoking putrefactive processes. Many microorganisms and insects can do serious harm to wood. Termites, grinders, bark beetles and woodcutters are especially dangerous. Antiseptics which there is a lot of in assortment of modern shops fight against all these problems.
Features and advantages of means to wood processing
Antiseptics – special structure which impregnates wood, giving it additional properties. It protects material from the mold, fungus, blue and microorganisms feeding on cellulose.
Modern antiseptics incorporate active agents:
- Oxidizers – destroy cages of saprophyte.
- Fungicides – are present at structure in the form of connections of organic and inorganic origin (copper, salts of heavy metals, production phenols).
Fungicides block effect of the enzymes emitted by saprophyte, creating obstacles for their power supply. In other words, these substances force fungi to starve. All antiseptics has liquid consistence that promotes deep penetration of structure deep into of tree.
Pay attention! Than more deeply than antiseptics will get into tree, especially it will be able to provide the reliable level of protection.
Advantages of use of antiseptics:
- protection of the wooden building against insects;
- emergence of blue is excluded;
- the risk of emergence of cracks in wood decreases;
- on the surface of material the basis for coloring forms.
These are only the main advantages of anti-septic tanks, depending on type of structure of characteristic and possibility of protective impregnations can vary.
It is better for them to buy antiseptics for tree: classification of structures
The existing types of protective impregnations can be classified by the following signs:
- As basis – organic, water, oil and solutions of the combined type.
- On range of application – means for internal and outside works.
- To destination – preventive and medical impregnations.
- On functionality – the structures intended for performance of certain tasks, for example, for bleaching, elimination of parasites, protection of material against fire, etc.
- On way of drawing – solutions which are applied superficially or deeply with method of dipping of wood in structure.
To choose suitable structure, it is necessary to consider all above-stated nuances. Otherwise impregnation will not bring the expected result.
Advantages and shortcomings of anti-septic tanks for tree for water-based outside works
Water-based antiseptics are applied to protection of tree of any breeds. As a part of similar materials usually are present:
- boric acid;
- sodium fluoride;
- silicon fluoride sodium.
In small amounts these components are used for finishing processing and also internal and outside elements of wooden buildings. More concentrated structures are intended for protection of the parts buried to the soil, for example, of boards or piles.
Advantages of water-based means:
- In comparison with nonaqueous impregnations these structures have smaller toxicity. The antiseptics is the most dangerous component copper sulfate which can become the reason of serious poisoning if accidentally to swallow it.
- Safe and simple process of preparation. Heating of structure on fire at degree of danger can be compared to normal cultivation of fire.
- Lack of difficulties when transporting.
Shortcomings of water-based anti-septic tanks:
- Unlike oil mixes water-based antiseptics cannot provide the high level of protection.
- Impregnation easily washes off.
- To set protective effect, additional treatment is required by the isolating means.
Important! Water structures can be used only for protection of surfaces which will not be submitted continuous influence of moisture.
Properties of not washed away anti-septic tanks for tree: merits and demerits of oil mixes
Oil-based antiseptics is in great demand for consumers as they can not only protect wood from influence of the increased humidity, but also prevent its penetration in material.
This type of protective equipment is not dissolved in water as for its creation oils are used:
They give to the processed wood saturated dark shade. As these structures possess pungent unpleasant smell, they are used for protection of external elements of the building. Oil-based antiseptics is suitable for processing of the wood buried to the soil. There are mixes with more sparing action. They are applied to protection of interior finish and also arbors and the house from outer side.
The dignity of oil structures and mixes on the basis of bitumen:
- mix with viscous consistence forms of heavy oil products on surface covering which protects wood from penetration of oxygen and moisture;
- structures are capable not only to stop reproduction of fungi and bacteria, but also to destroy the colonies which are already living in wood;
- the used oil and bitumen are not the favorable environment for life of the insects wood borers needing the begun to rot wood and lack of hydrocarbons and pitches which are harmful to these organisms.
The wood processed by means of heavy oil products even being in the earth, does not spoil for years.
Shortcomings of indelible mixes:
- components of structure are toxic;
- if the manufacturing techniques are broken, antiseptics can ignite;
- the spots which have got on clothes cannot be washed;
- unpleasant specific smell;
- application for processing of internal rooms because of toxicity is not allowed.
Pay attention! Oil means are not fire-retarding agents and do not provide protection against ignition.
The organic and combined antiseptics for tree for outside works
Organic antiseptics is in most cases used for protection of front surfaces. They create thin film therefore are most often applied before coloring of walls on tree. This basis prevents moisture penetration in wood and also increases adhesive properties of paintwork material.
Antiseptics on organic basis can be applied also to protection of internal wooden surfaces. For this reason they are widely used for pretreatment of logs or bar from which walls will be created.
After processing by organic anti-septic tank wood gets greenish shade, the porosity of its structure increases. At hit on metal parts structures activate corrosion processes therefore it is recommended to use additional protection on those sites which adjoin to metal.
The antiseptics applied to preparation and dressing of wooden surfaces belongs to discharge of the solutions intended for external works. They are capable to sustain negative impact of aggressive environmental factors.
Treat such criteria:
- ultra-violet radiation;
- the increased humidity level;
- low temperature impact;
- sharp temperature drops.
It is strictly forbidden to use the means intended for outside works, for processing of internal wooden surfaces.
Characteristic of anti-septic tanks for tree for internal works
For production of anti-septic tanks for internal works environmentally friendly raw materials are used. Such structures have no unpleasant smells and do not distinguish toxic substances in air.
Pay attention! Selecting antiseptic for internal works, it is necessary to consider utilization properties of the room in which it will be applied. For rooms with the different level of humidity certain structures are selected. Necessary information can be found on packaging.
Means of the combined type have excellent utilization properties. They are capable to provide the high level of protection against mold, parasitic microorganisms and fungi. Such structures include components which reduce combustibility of material therefore the combined solutions belong not only to the category of anti-septic tanks, but also fire-retarding agents.
Features of medical and preventive anti-septic tanks
Medical solutions are applied when wood is already infected with mold, fungal disputes, insects and in it there are putrefactive processes. Nevertheless, this type of anti-septic tanks can be used also for the preventive purposes. Especially it concerns those cases when operation of wood structures in the conditions of corrosive medium is supposed. Such conditions rooms with the increased humidity level, for example, bathing, shower, rooms in bath have.
Use of medical structures for prevention of the negative phenomena and protection of facades of buildings is allowed.
Solutions of preventive assignment are more widespread, than medical. They are used for pretreatment of timber before construction of the building or in its process. Specialists recommend to apply preventive impregnations on wood at once after its purchase.
Specificity of anti-septic tanks for tree of deep penetration and superficial structures
Antiseptics on way of drawing are divided into two views. Processing by means of some solutions is carried out superficially (the hydropanel or brush is for this purpose used), others are capable to get deeply into material (for this purpose wood is completely dipped into structure which can be cold or hot).
The choice of way of drawing depends on what breed of wood is subject to processing and what its part will be mentioned. For example, it is quite difficult to impregnate ripe heartwood of coniferous breeds in usual conditions, but it is perfectly processed when heating antiseptics up to 95-100 °C.
Main methods of putting antiseptic:
|Dipping in hot and cold bathtubs||Dry processing in the capillary way|
|Processing in the autoclave under the influence of high pressure||Immersion in the warmed-up antiseptic solution (structure in warm state)|
|Processing in the autoclave using pumping out||Application of means by means of paint spray gun, brush or the roller|
|Bandage method||Drawing antiseptics diffusion method|
Helpful advice! Water-soluble mixes easily impregnate live wood, getting deeply inside. However them, as well as organic solutions, it is desirable to use for processing of seasoned wood though in certain cases the structure will be heavy to be distributed on surface. The easiest the sapwood of beech, pine and birch gives in to impregnation.
What is better to choose wood preservative: functional purpose of structures
The existing antiseptics is divided into categories taking into account their functional influence on wood. There is set of factors which can cause biological infection of material.
The most widespread of them:
- untimely processing of wood antiseptics;
- lack of good ventilation system;
- violation of the rules of storage of timber;
- contact of wooden surface with moisture;
- low-quality warming, etc.
Many antiseptics possesses the directed action. They can recover normal natural coloring of wood or increase resistance of material to ignition.
Protective antiseptics for wood bleaching
The bleaching antiseptics not only protects material from negative impact from the outside, but also recovers natural color of wood which is struck by parasites or has just grown old. The structures of “Bio-shield” possessing also medical action are considered as the most popular in this category.
Impregnations “Bio-shield 2” and “Bio-shield 1” interfere with development of putrefactive processes which are result of activity of pathogenic microflora. In addition, this antiseptics keeps technical characteristics and physical properties of material and also recovers healthy coloring of the wood which was not exposed to coloring.
Opportunities the antiseptics “Bio-shield 1” will be quite enough if defeat of material is in initial stage. After the processed surface completely dries, it can be decorated or painted. If wood is strongly struck with fungi and mold, it is better to use “Bio-shield 2”. Both of these means are ideal for processing of the timber used for construction of log houses and baths.
The bleaching antiseptic products of Sagus producer — Standard, Pro and Light solutions are not less popular. These impregnations have water basis. They are intended for deep removal of damages from unpainted material which are result of activity of wood stains saprophyte or black mold. Structures are applied to processing of bar and logs on the basis of which baths and houses are built.
Antiseptics “Standard” quickly and deeply gets in wood fibers. It is applied when the first signs of emergence of moss, mold and lichens were shown. Use of this solution is allowed if material has darkened under the influence of UV rays. Antiseptics of “Pro” can eliminate effects of heavy damage of wood.
Helpful advice! Pro solution can be used effectively for processing not only wood, but also other construction materials of mineral origin, for example, of gas-silicate blocks or brick.
The bleaching means “Light” is suitable for lighting of material which has darkened under the influence of ultra-violet radiation or is damaged by mold. This structure differs in soft action thanks to what it keeps natural properties of wood structure.
The bleaching concentrated antiseptics for tree: Neomid and Prosept
The concentrated medicine “Prosept 50” represents antiseptic with the bleaching and medical action. The structure actively fights against the centers of biological defeat, recovering natural coloring of wood and eliminating gray raid within half an hour after drawing. At the same time the natural structure of material remains.
Means gets into material on depth of 3 mm. 12 hours later after drawing wooden surface it is possible to paint, carry out mounting of heater or to paste wall-paper. Antiseptics “Prosept 50” has environmentally friendly structure therefore it can be applied not only to outside, but also to internal processing. Use of solution for protection of the wooden pallets intended for storage and transportation of food is allowed.
To record solution in the depth of structure of material for long time, it is desirable to process surface the anti-septic tank making the preserving impact. “Eko Neomid 440” and “Eko Neomid 430” will be suitable for these purposes. These structures prevent repeated emergence of the centers.
Protective antiseptics from mold and other parasites
Wood is the favorable environment for development of mold and fungi. And risks increase if material constantly contacts to humid environment. When parasitic microflora and fauna lodges in wood fibers, to get rid of it extremely difficult. To prevent material damage process, it is necessary to use special antiseptic structure which will prevent emergence of fungi or will stop their development.
Solutions of this category are also applied to scaring away of insects who harm wood and in the course of the life activity process it into dust. It should be noted that in the nature there is set of kinds of wood bugs parasites. However at timely implementation of preventive procedures it is possible to nullify all risks, related.
Helpful advice! If microorganisms have struck the big areas, it is desirable to apply antiseptics after holding medical procedures with use of fungicide means.
Antiseptics from parasitic microflora and fauna: Seneg Bio
The Seneg producer supplies large amount of the structures intended for protective processing of wood to the market. In assortment it is possible to pick up means for any parts of the building. Seneg Bio solution enjoys wide popularity. It sets natural protective properties of wood. This structure has water basis thanks to what it well impregnates material. As a result of processing the three-level threshold with protective properties is formed. “Seneg Bio” is suitable for processing of internal and outer surfaces.
In addition to the solutions increasing resistance of material to influence of mold and wood bugs, this producer releases the structures protecting tree from influence of moisture, ultraviolet and ignition.
For protection of wood antiseptic paste can be used. It is water-soluble, it is made on the basis of the lignosulfat and fluorine. According to the statements of the producer, this of antiseptics can prolong the term of operational service of material up to 30 years.
Paste is used for processing of wood which is applied to construction of designs of the protecting and bearing assignment. Means can be applied even on crude material. This of antiseptics has no smell. After processing wood gets dark pistachio shade, and on its surface the rough protective layer forms. This structure is used when further coloring of wood is not supposed.
Means from parasitic microflora and fauna: antiseptics for tree of Tikkurila and Belinka
The Slovenian producer Belinka is in great demand. This company is engaged in release of protective and paint and varnish structures for the surfaces made of different raw materials.
The manufacturer offers several means intended for biological protection of wood:
- “Belbor fix concentrate”.
Products of the Finnish producer “Tikkurila” which differ in high reliability and quality are not less popular. This company releases several kinds of anti-septic tanks in the form of water-soluble tablets and liquid structures.
The Homeenpoisto + protectant is tablets on the basis of which the solution intended for elimination of the centers of mold and also preventive processing prepares.
Solution in finished form is used for protection:
- new and old timber;
- internal and outer surfaces;
- the parts made of wood, and materials of mineral origin.
Pay attention! The surface is processed by means “Homeenpoisto +” just before coloring.
To prepare antiseptic solution, it is necessary to dissolve tablets in water according to the instruction of the producer. Then the structure is applied on surface by means of the sprayer. After that small break is taken to give to means time necessary for impact on the struck zones. Further it is necessary to process surface by means of foam rubber sponge or brush, to wash it with clear water and to dry. When wood completely dries, it should be painted immediately.
At line of Tikkurila there is one more antiseptic – “Homeenpoisto 1”. It has jellylike consistence and is applied to prevention and protection of wood against the defeat centers. In structure there is such component as hypochlorite therefore it cannot be used for internal processing of rooms.
Antiseptics for tree for fire protection: main kinds of fire-retarding agents
Wood belongs to the category of easily flammable materials therefore it needs special processing by the protective equipment increasing resistance to fire. The antiseptics intended for these purposes is called fire-retarding agents.
They are issued in different forms:
- Impregnations – water-based solutions which are characterized by deep extent of penetration.
- The varnishing structures – create thin protective film on the processed surface. It is transparent and provides protection of material not only against ignition, but also against fast heating.
- Enamel coverings and paints – are used for protection of wood and also the subsequent its dressing.
- Pastelike coating materials – protect surface from influence of naked flame, are not intended for dressing.
- Powders – drawing is carried out by sputtering method, the special equipment is for this purpose used.
Fire-retarding agents are applied both to deep, and to surface treatment. It is possible to find the structures intended for outside and internal works in sale.
Helpful advice! For protection of front part of the building against ignition it is desirable to use solutions with weatherproof properties. The environmentally friendly structures showing resistance to influence of corrosive medium are necessary for internal processing (this requirement is especially relevant for bathrooms and bathing rooms).
Fire-retarding agents are passive or active. Substances which in the course of heating emit nonflammable gases possess active operation principle. They limit access of oxygen to fire, preventing its distribution.
Structures which in the course of heating form the protective layer protecting structure of material from fire on surface treat passive fire-retarding agents. Such solutions under the influence of high temperature melt, the nonflammable covering in the form of crust forms. This process demands considerable expenses of heat energy therefore degree of thermal stability of the design made of tree raises.
Means of fire protection: antiseptics for tree of Neomid, Seneg and Pirilax
For complex protection against biological influence and fire structures from Seneg producer can be used. These solutions are applied to processing of walls of the building from outer end as preparatory measure before coloring. If to leave the protective layer created on surface by these medicines without finishing covering, all useful substances will very quickly disappear.
Fireproof solution of the Pirilax trademark has universal assignment. It can be used for internal and outside works.
This structure provides protection of surface against parasites:
- wood stains saprophyte;
- wood bugs.
Besides, “Pirilax” increases resistance of wood to influence of naked flame, prolongs the term of its operational service, reduces the probability of emergence of cracks and also slows down dilapidation processes. Solution is perfectly combined with other paint coats. The producer claims that after processing wood will be provided with protection against fire for 16 years, and the term of biological firmness is 20 years. The structure differs in environmental friendliness, it is absolutely safe for the environment, does not do harm to human health.
Concerning fire protection such solutions as “Neomid 450-1” and “Neomid 450” are very effective. They are intended for processing of outer and internal surfaces. Drawing is carried out after preliminary mechanical cleaning. Use of medicines on surfaces which are painted or impregnated with the structures forming film covering is not allowed.
Helpful advice! If wood is struck with saprophyte, before use of fire-retarding agent it is necessary to impregnate it with the bleaching antiseptic.
That it is better to use: the tinting antiseptics for tree
After processing by anti-septic tank, even transparent, wood changes the shade. Therefore many resort to intended coloring of surface that it could fit afterwards into exterior of the building or interior of the room optimum. One of the most popular producers “Tikkurila” offers consumers biocidal antiseptics which get deep into wood and form colourless covering on its surface.
Structures need additional protection, otherwise they will be washed away over time. For these purposes special water-repellent medicines are used. If processing of surface anti-septic tank without the subsequent coloring is supposed, it is possible to be limited to any means. Cable columns, cross ties on rails and other similar elements do not need finishing covering.
In certain cases presence the antiseptics creates problems for further coloring. In such situations producers suggest to buy material of complex assignment, namely paint and varnish structures with universal opportunities among which and bioprotection. On the other hand, solutions of universal assignment are not always capable to provide the best result, especially if it is necessary to deal with the problem and infected sawn timber.
As much as possible to keep natural coloring of tree, it is desirable to apply azure coverings. Such structures can be found in the assortment of Illumina producer. The company produces special azure medicines which are suitable for outside and internal application. They are colourless and perfectly emphasize natural wood pattern.
As for the tinting structures, their application is also followed by certain advantages. These solutions prevent wood burning out and also simplify process of drawing and uniform distribution of the protectant.
Helpful advice! To exclude admissions during drawing antiseptics, it is possible to add the dye intended for fabric, in the ratio 50 g of pigment on 100 l of medicine to its structure. It is desirable to dissolve it in the small volume of water in advance, and then to pour accurately in protective solution.
Protective equipment from ultraviolet: antiseptics for tree of Seneg and Biofa
The funds allocated for protection against ultraviolet include special additives and pigments. These components reduce destructive influence of sunshine.
Thanks to the improved formula of antiseptics effectively struggles with blue and mold. It is characterized by the simple system of drawing, providing at the same time protection against rainfall, the sun and low temperatures. Is suitable for the buildings which are operated in severe weather conditions.
“Seneg Aquadecor” — one more protective solution of decorative assignment having antiseptic properties. As a part of it antiseptics there are special additives which perform function of ultra-violet filters. These components protect wood from darkening. The producer offers wide choice of coloring thanks to what the consumer can find solution for processing of internal and outer surfaces of necessary shade.
Antiseptics of “Biofa 2108” contains the smallest particles of white pigment protecting wood from ultraviolet. It can be applied on outer and internal surfaces. At the same time the natural coloring of material practically does not change. Solution is made using linseed oil which deeply impregnates wood and does not create film covering on its surface. Given antiseptics differs in ecological purity, does not allocate to the environment of hazardous substances.
Pay attention! If for protection of material it is used antiseptics with pigment, it is necessary to update covering each 8-10 years. When using colourless solutions wood is processed each 3-4 years.
Moisture protective antiseptics for tree for outside works: Tikkurila and Pinotex
Elements of wood structures which contact to the soil and also the constructions located in regions with excessively humid climate need protective processing by special means.
For outer surfaces many consumers use oil antiseptics of “Valtti Aquacolor”. The Tikkurila producer offers buyers the extensive choice of coloring. The palette intended for tinting antiseptics includes 40 shades that allows to turn it into multifunction means with excellent decorative opportunities.
Means of “Pinotex Terrace Oil” presents itself structure in the form of the tinting oil which can be used for processing of the designs located in the open air.
Treat such constructions:
- terraces of open type;
- benches, etc.
Impregnation contains in the structure components which protect wood from lichens, mold, seaweed and other parasitic flora. Besides, it includes the wax which is pushing away moisture from surface. It increases resistance of wood to mechanical loadings and also gives it hydrophobic properties. 39 shades for pigmentation of structure are offered to the consumer.
Moisture protective equipment for bath and sauna: antiseptics for tree of Seneg and Krasula
There is special category of the structures intended for use in saunas and bathing rooms. These solutions have to possess special characteristics, including resistance to influence of moisture, high temperatures and steam. Therefore when choosing antiseptics for similar needs it is necessary to pay attention to the specification which is specified on packaging.
Antiseptics of “Krasula” — the protective structure with decorative properties which is applied to processing of wet and dry surfaces in baths and saunas.
The mechanism of action of this impregnation consists in the following:
- protection of surface against moisture and pollution (soap solution, fat, soot, the sticking leaves);
- elimination of seaweed, mold and prevention of their repeated emergence;
- protection of wood against insects.
Means well reacts to influence of high temperatures, it is safe for the person. This of antiseptics keeps not only exterior of wood, but also its natural smell.
Pay attention! Warranty period of action the antiseptics of “Krasula” for restrooms in saunas and baths makes 7 years, for wooden surfaces in rooms pair and washing – 5 years.
Means “Seneg sauna” possesses antimicrobic action. This impregnation is made of environmentally friendly raw materials therefore does not allocate toxic and hazardous substances in air. Antiseptics does not give in to washing away, at the same time it keeps structural integrity of material. After processing wood becomes unattractive for the parasitizing and pathogenic microorganisms even if it is constantly influenced by moisture.
The best antiseptics for tree with the high level of natural humidity
If for construction of the building on the site timber which has not undergone the procedure of preliminary preparation purchased, before drying such wood needs to be processed the protectant. The same concerns logs which are not cleaned from bark. For this purpose it is desirable to use specialized structures which will protect wood at the time when its drying in the natural mode is carried out.
Such means are used in time:
- transportation of timber;
- storages during drying;
- constructions of the building.
The solutions applied to processing of similar wood are deeply capable to get into material, at the same time the covering does not interfere with natural ventilation.
Among the anti-septic tanks recommended by specialists are present:
- “Seneg Insa”;
- “Neomid 46”;
- “Seneg Trance”;
- “Neomid 420”;
All of them protect timber from defeat by fungi and insects.
Protective antiseptics for tree: what is better to choose structure for edge part of logs
Edge part of boards, logs and bar needs the strengthened protection as material in this zone has honeycomb. The similar building allows moisture to get more intensively into wood, provoking development in it putrefactive processes. As a result of such influence favorable environment for reproduction of mold is created.
Besides, the contact of edge zone with moisture leads to emergence of deep cracks which reduce strength characteristics of wood. That to prevent it, it is desirable to use protective equipment which can be applied not only during preparation of sawn timber for construction, but also on bar and logs of already ready building.
Perfectly will be suitable for these purposes antiseptics of “Seneg Tor”. It has all necessary characteristics and opportunities capable to effectively protect vulnerable parts of wood. Solution is suitable for processing of new timber and also objects which are already put into operation.
Pay attention! It is necessary to update covering each 3-4 years.
The choice qualitative antiseptics for tree: responses, quotations and recommendations
When choosing antiseptic it is necessary to consider not only its functionality and assignment, but also other factors which will help to reveal quality medicine.
Selecting protective solution for wood, it is necessary to pay attention to the next moments:
- manufacturing firm;
- the guaranteed validity period;
- profitability antiseptics;
Antiseptics has to correspond to all criteria of quality, to be eco-friendly, effective and safe and also to be made on the hi-tech equipment. Only large producers possessing necessary profile can provide all these conditions. Selecting protective solution, it is desirable to study in detail information on packaging and also to get acquainted with responses of consumers in network.
Depending on quality antiseptic is capable to provide the necessary level of protection for 2-7 years. Upon termination of this term it is necessary to update covering. If the producer claims that the period of action of its products is 20-40 years, – it is not necessary to trust similar information blindly. Under the influence of external factors even the most qualitative antiseptics gradually loses the useful properties.
Many buyers aim to save on purchase of the protectant, paying attention to antiseptics with low cost. However this approach can be wrong. Some structures have so big expense that eventually costs of processing of wooden surfaces can be too considerable. The average value of expense for the majority of impregnations corresponds to 200-250 g/m ². For fire-retarding agents this parameter is equal to 400-600 g/m ².
Average quotations and responses: antiseptics of Seneg, Tikkurila and Neomid
To decide on the choice of antiseptic for wood, it is enough to obtain the opinion of specialists and responses of consumers which can be found in the Internet.
The high quality label has noted the following trademarks:
- Neomid, etc.
Pay attention! The reputation of the producer has considerable value. Nevertheless, in each category of protective equipment there is antiseptics which effectively solves these or those problems. Therefore it is necessary to approach the choice of structure in individual order.
According to responses of buyers, best of all are suitable Homeenpoisto 1 solution from trademark of Tikkurila for protection against saprophyte. Besides, users quite often share experience of use of used oil and copper vitriol for the same purposes.
The most large number of positive reviews in category of bioprotective solutions for the wood contacting to humid environment was received by antiseptics of production “Seneg Bio” and “Seneg Ultra”. Structures of “Valtti Aquacolor” and “Neomid 440” have well proved. These impregnations are applied in 2-3 layers on carefully cleaned and dry-through surface. Producers release protective structures in tanks of 0.5-50 l.
For processing of materials with the high level of natural humidity buyers in the responses recommend to use the following means:
- “Neomid 460”;
- “Seneg Trance”;
- “Seneg Eurotrance”;
The size of tanks varies within 10-200 l.
In the rating of the best anti-septic tanks for neoradical wood the upper position is taken by impregnation of “Neomid 420”. For these purposes also folk remedies, for example, oil or bleaching powder in combination with unslaked lime are used. Certainly, it is more preferable to apply the checked specialized structures.
If coloring or opening of wooden surface varnish after drawing antiseptics is supposed, users agree in opinion that it is the best of all to use such solutions:
- “Valtti pohjuste”;
- “Pinotex Wood Primer”;
- “Valtti Aquabase”;
- “Pinotex Base”.
How to make antiseptics for tree: material impregnation by the protectant
Structures which are prepared by the hands in house conditions cost considerably cheaper factory anti-septic tanks. The procedure of their creation is quite simple, the main thing at the same time – to adhere to safety requirements. In the course of work surely it is necessary to use gloves and safety mask, for preparation the antiseptics is required large amount of different substances. The structure of impregnation is selected taking into account the purposes to which it will be applied and also way of drawing.
Important! When drawing antiseptics it is necessary to be careful. Especially it concerns harvesting time from the site: if substances get on fruits, it is possible to get poisoning.
How to prepare bituminous antiseptics for tree by the hands
As a part of it the antiseptics is present not only bitumen, but also antilivering agents, for example, gasoline or diesel fuel. If to add diesel fuel to solution, process of hardening will be long that will increase depth of protective layer. Use of gasoline, on the contrary, will accelerate drying time. This feature antiseptics is useful if not enough time is allowed for carrying out preparatory work.
The liquefying means for bitumen can be got at any gas station. The used oil is on sale at service stations. Hardware stores trade in bitumen. Except the specified components, work will require container where the warming up of bitumen, devices in the form of emphasis for fixing of capacity over fire source and also the device for stirring will be carried out (surely metal).
Preparation bituminous antiseptics is carried out in the following order:
- Bitumen is filled up in capacity for warming up and is established over source of naked flame. It can be fire or torch.
- After ignition heating gradually increases.
- Bitumen gets warm until there is its full fluidifying. To avoid formation of lumps, substance periodically mixes up.
- When bitumen gains low-viscosity consistence, fire should be put out, and to remove capacity with substance aside.
- Solvent is added to container with bitumen. It is necessary to do it accurately, small portions that under the influence of temperature mix was not spilled.
Helpful advice! At hit in heated bitumen gasoline will intensively evaporate therefore it is necessary to wait when mix slightly cools down before adding it.
Proportions of components will depend on initial condition of basis (bitumen). If mix is prepared correctly, at the room temperature it will have liquid consistence. The amount of gasoline or diesel fuel in ready solution should not exceed 20-30%.
If to heat bitumen too quickly, there can be foaming of mix and its modulation too much of container. It will demonstrate to availability of water as a part of substance. To exclude similar effects, it is recommended to carry out slow heating thanks to what water will gradually evaporate. The structure is used at once after cooling.
Preparation of water-based impregnation and processing of tree anti-septic tank
To prepare water-based salt impregnation, it will be required to dissolve certain amount of salt in the warmed-up water. The matter is that the rise of temperature of liquid will promote full and fast dissolution of crystals. There are several compoundings with different ratio of amount of fluoride of sodium and copper or iron vitriol.
For protection of wooden surfaces in constructions of household purpose of rather weak solution of sodium. Its share in ready mix can make 0.5-4%. It means that in 10 l of water 50-400 g of salt will contain. This indicator is selected taking into account operational conditions. For internal processing of tree it is possible to be limited to use of mixes with the minimum concentration. Street constructions, for example, of bench and arbors, need stronger protection. For this purpose the saturated structure will be required.
Helpful advice! To check quality of drawing, it is possible to add 10 g of potassium permanganate to ready solution. You should not be frightened intense color: after a while it will be washed up from surface.
For drawing it is desirable to use wide brush or the sprayer. For protection of the wooden columns and structural elements buried to the soil it is better to take sulphatic structures where the share of maintenance of the main component does not exceed 10-20% (100-200 g on 1 l of liquid). To enhance effect of similar anti-septic tanks, it is recommended to dry carefully material and to impregnate it throughout long time.
Vitriolic solution has specific saturated color therefore problems with quality of drawing should not be. The antiseptics needs to soak those sites of wood which will contact in use to the soil well in ready.
To prepare water-based structure, it is enough to have at itself the capacity, fire source for liquid heating and also the device for hashing, for example, blade. Solution is applied on surface at once after cooling.
In general process of preparation of anti-septic tanks does not differ in complexity. To exclude mistakes by drawing up dosages, it is desirable to study characteristics and properties of wood which will be exposed to processing. The same concerns also the choice of impregnations of factory production. Having correctly estimated condition of material with which it is necessary to work, it is possible to pick up really effective and reliable solution and to provide protection of wood structures for many years.