Table of Contents
The house became one of wellbeing symbols, sign of the successful person in the suburbs. To move to one of settlements for many becomes priority. It is good if it is the person who is standing on the own two feet and understanding that “beautiful life” has not only pluses, but also minuses.
You will not shift responsibility for own house to ZhEK. Repair of facade, drainage, problems with roof — all to lay down on the owner. Even if works are performed by means of hired specialists — it is necessary to control them. For this purpose it is necessary to have elementary knowledge in the field of construction. Be not frightened — in it there is nothing difficult. Whether you do repair by the hands or have employed professionals, we will help you to deal with bases.
Roofing materials are released in such variety today that even the builder with experience can become puzzled what to tell about the ordinary person. The problem is that the websites quite often tell about materials only in superlative degrees, “forgetting” to mention shortcomings.
One of the most ancient and successful roofing materials for all history of mankind. Make it of clay and color, typical for it — brown-red. Also interesting options meet dyes (not too often) so at some desire it is possible to pick up rather original color schemes. The form and the sizes can differ considerably: channeled, single-wave, two-wave, grooving stamped, grooving tape and so on.
Pluses of material are amazing: the high durability (up to 150 years), absolute neglect corrosion, frost resistance and water resistance, does not burn. At last, thanks to design of tile and features of the ceramics, the roof can “breathe”.
The main minus — the high weight and high cost. At difficult architectural concepts it is necessary will attend to additional waterproofing and will prepare for the raised consumption of fixing materials. At last — the tile is rather fragile. However. here a lot of things depend on clay and manufacturer — in the period of the Great Patriotic War repeated cases when the shells which are started up at an angle gave ricochet are recorded.
Cement and sand tile
By sight differs in nothing from ceramic though consists of sand and cement with iron oxide (as dye). It is considered that it weighs less “elder brother” from ceramics, but it is possible to argue with this statement as also thickness at it is higher. The color palette is incredibly various.
In principle, merits and demerits at cement and sand tile the same, as at ceramic. The quality is slightly worse, but also cost is much lower. Special attention needs to be paid on fragility of material — it is rather high.
It consists of fine-grained sand, dyes and solid polymers. All this mixes up at high temperature and at the exit the tile very similar on ceramic turns out.
High strength and resistance to external factors does it rather popular. It is steady not only against the sun and moisture, but also various fungi. It is fireproof, it is easily mounted and has good noise-insulating properties.
The main shortcomings — need to carefully choose suppliers and to mount it it is extremely attentive. Violations during production or the wrong mounting will nullify all advantages.
Cellulose, polyester or fiber glass to which attach bituminous tiles is the cornerstone. Standard dimensions — meter on 30 cm, but meet also more exotic options — triangular and even roundish.
Advantages of material consist in simplicity of repair and opportunity it is rather easy to mount roof on roof with the most bizzare shapes. It is rather long-lasting and is not subject to corrosion.
From shortcomings — impossibility to work with it during cold weather and high combustibility.
The pro-thinned-out flooring
It is possible to call it prototype of modern metal tile. Make sheets of galvanized steel, and on sale there are samples both with polymeric covering, and without it. Waves on sheets can be the most different: “classical”. trapezoid, etc.
To advantages fast mounting treats without efforts, quite good flexural strength, low cost and high durability.
Shortcomings — absolutely “any” noise isolation and heat insulation. For the majority it outweighs any advantages.
It is the sheet of galvanized steel with polymeric covering. The form and the sizes can be rather various, but normally it is the large sheets imitating tile form.
Advantages are undoubted: the highest speed of mounting, very affordable price, small weight, durability.
However and the shortcoming is rather serious: disgusting noise isolation (as well as heat insulation). It is necessary to think over protection against noise or to suffer “drum set” over the head during each rain. One more shortcoming — large number of waste.
Aluminum and copper faltsevy roof covering
Copper roofing and aluminum is issued sheets 1.1m. on 0.7 m. The weight of such brass plate — from 5 to 10 kg. on m 2, and aluminum — from 2 to 5 kg. The minimum bias — 15 degrees.
The main advantages belong rather to esthetics as with such sheets it is possible to create the real masterpieces of roofing business. Besides — copper quickly becomes covered with patina and the building takes the improved form. Certainly — materials are corrosion resistant.
It is possible to carry to shortcomings not only the high cost, but also need to warm roof, to be engaged in sound insulation.
Falz steel roof
It is connected with each other sheets from smooth steel. Material is rather various: normal steel, zinced, with polymeric covering. Connect them hooks to the next sheets.
The main advantage of such roof — the small weight and ability to give to sheets nearly any form and also to save considerably on rafters.
Shortcomings — such roof well looks, but its durability is extremely small. Also it is required will attend to solid warming. The bias of sheets has to be over 20 degrees, otherwise it will quickly become useless.
Bituminous slate (it is Ondulin)
Sheets from cellulose impregnate with bitumen then process mineral additives, pigments and special pitches. Material at high temperature is processed moreover and under pressure so durability at corrugated sheets rather high. Because of high flexibility with their help it is possible to implement rather interesting architectural concepts.
Treat undoubted advantages of bituminous slate high strength and flexibility that considerably facilitates work. Coloring of material is various so it is possible to find interesting solutions.
Minuses of material are powerful: can “lead” from the strong sun, over time fades and well burns. The low frost resistance, combustibility adds negative points.
Slate (it — Asbestos-cement plates)
Slate — composition material from cement and asbestos fiber. “Classical” look it — rectangular leaf of 1.2 m by 0.7 m with 6 waves. Also a few other options meet.
The main pluses of material — the low cost and simplicity of work.
Minuses much more: asbestos is rather harmful to the person, fragile material and at last — tendency gets fungi and to acquire moss. It is worth recognizing, as esthetically he is not too attractive and the noise isolation is rather mediocre.
Slate roof (Natural Slate)
Natural clay slate — natural material. You should not confuse it with combustible “fellow”. Clay not only it is beautiful, but also is absolutely safe. The sizes of tile and its color can vary very strongly.
Slate advantages — beauty and amazing durability. Such roof extremely attractively looks.
Unfortunately, minuses are also available: first of all it is very high cost and complex installation works.
Steel sheets about 0.5 mm thick are the cornerstone. The leaf is processed by acrylic primer on which the galvanized covering from aluminum, zinc and silicon is applied.
The composite tile is long-lasting, strong and rather esthetic. She is not afraid of moisture, fire and sunshine. Good level of noise isolation and rather decent heat insulations. It is rather easy to work with material — it allows to bend or cut itself(himself) easily.
High price and vapor impermeability belongs to shortcomings. Having made roof of such material, it will be necessary in addition will take care of ventilation.
Bulk roof (it Mastic)
Such roof on flat roofs, on the basis of bituminous materials becomes. After completion of works it becomes rubber-like.
Distinguish not reinforced roofs: several layers, are added to last of which fine gravel.
Reinforced: between layers of bitumen fiber glass or other material is put.
Combined: alternate layer of bituminous mastic to inexpensive materials as layers and gravel is added to the last layer.
The advantage of such method are indisputable: reliably and cheap.
Shortcomings — the roof has to be flat that excludes the vast majority of owner-occupied dwellings.
Roofing material — the base felt impregnated with bitumen and covered with any high-melting material. Sell it in massive rolls. If roll on the basis of cardboard, then put it usually not less than in four layers. On fiberglass it is possible also in two.
Excellent waterproofing, low cost and simplicity of work — the main advantages of material. One more important plus — such roof easily is under repair.
Low durability of material and high combustibility belong to undoubted minuses. Does not please also exterior of the roof covered with such material. The durability and durability are extremely low.
Gont (Wooden Tile. Shingle)
The wooden plates made in both the manual, and machine way of fir-tree, pine, aspen, larch. Material is rather popular and meets more often than it seems.
Durability of material not less than 15 years and if manufacturers did not bungle and the owner looked after condition of roof — up to 40 years. The roof is rather easy and it is possible to make plates for repair independently (though it is difficult).
The undoubted fire danger and rather difficult mounting belong to undoubted shortcomings.