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The facing brick is called by right one of the best materials for facing of the house. Excellent exterior, in combination with technical characteristics, completely conforms to requirements of any owner of the house, and the wide choice of flowers, forms and textures, only expands the available opportunities. Let’s consider what else the facing brick is: sizes, prices and other characteristics of this material.
Facing brick: sizes and kinds of material
Many times it is less requirement to inside face of walls of the house, than requirements which are imposed to facing of external part of the house. And if in the first case it is possible to use normal clay or lime sand brick and also foam-concrete or gas-concrete blocks, then to provide really attractive exterior for outside part of the house, it is possible only using facing brick for facade.
But even in case choice is made in favor of facing brick, the owner of the house still should make hard choice and to give preference to this or that its option. Let’s consider what types of this material happen and what it is worth paying attention when choosing to.
Brick parameters directly are defined by technology of its production so depending on the features which are applied to production of materials, and the accompanying processes, allocate 4 types of finishing brick:
- concrete (hyper pressed);
At the same time each of the listed options is issued also in 2 types – hollow and corpulent so the choice is really wide. We will review characteristics of each of options briefly and also its features and advantages.
Helpful advice! Besides that hollow bricks have considerably the smaller weight (the difference makes about 25-35%), they resist heat waste more effectively, exceeding corpulent bricks for 10-15%.
One more interesting question — how many weighs one brick for facing of facade? The weight of facing brick is defined by of what material it has been made. For example, the corpulent lime (white) sand brick which size conforms to the standard on average weighs 4.6 kg, and the normal ceramic brick intended for facing will weigh only 1.45 kg.
Ceramic facing brick: sizes, prices and features
This type of brick is made by roasting of specially prepared and created weight which consists of red fusible clay and also special additives which are capable to regulate plasticity of material. It is possible to carry sawdust, quartz sand, ashes, coal dust, slag, etc. to number of such auxiliary components.
Such mix initially forms in the necessary form, and then dried up and burns. The main distinctive issue which does facing brick unlike normal – more thorough training of all components before they are created. It allows to exclude risk of emergence of cracks and also various foreign inclusions which can spoil exterior of ready-made product.
Thus, the material received at the exit, is characterized by extremely high resistance to moisture influence and also high strength and ability to effectively keep heat. As for color and impressive variety, the type of brick here given is provided by huge variety. Using mineral dyes which can be added to initial material (normally it is chrome oxide, fine ground manganese or iron ore), producers give to brick attractive exterior.
Helpful advice! If there is need to make facing of difficult architectural element, then it is worth paying attention not to normal ordinary brick, and to shaped material which is released especially for the solution of difficult tasks.
For dressing one of several ways can be used. In addition to traditional as which smooth and opaque ceramic facing bricks are considered it is possible to find in sale also more unusual options, for example, of imitation of wild stone.
For stoneware, the following dimensions of brick – 250х120х65 mm are considered as standard. At the same time on the European norms these indicators a bit differents – 250х85х65 mm. The reinforced option corresponds to the parameters of 250х120х88 mm and 250х85х88 mm respectively.
Interestingly! Standard dimension of brick which is the most widespread 240х115х71 mm if to be guided according to the European standards.
Clinker decorative facing brick: sizes and characteristics
The clinker brick is in many respects similar to ceramic. But there are between them certain distinctions connected with features of initial raw materials and temperature conditions for roasting. To make clinker brick, use mainly medium-melting and high-melting clays so for carrying out roasting, respectively, more high temperatures are required.
The result of use of such technology – stronger facing brick which is characterized by the minimum level of water absorption and excellently resists to influence of various external factors. Such characteristics allow to use it not only for decoration of the walls of the house, but also as facing material for socle of the base, paving of paths and construction of barriers.
But there are also indicators on which the clinker brick concedes to ceramic. For example, it concerns heat conductivity which in this case is slightly higher. However, this shortcoming is compensated because material is characterized by the high level of resistance to emergence of cracks as a result of low temperature impact.
Coloring and invoices of clinker brick can be so various that it is possible to face even concept of “collections” which are offered to the buyers by different producers. As for the sizes of clinker bricks, it is possible to meet the most various options here.
Standard dimension of decorative brick can have the following parameters – 250х120х65 mm, 250х90х65 mm and 250х60х65 mm. Apparently, height of brick can change, and here length and width of brick remain invariable. Exception make unless the extended elements which parameters are 528х108х37 mm.
Characteristics of concrete facing brick: prices and sizes
If to speak about what of manufacturing techniques of facing brick the most justified, then it is necessary to address such option as the pressed unburned brick. In many respects it is connected with the fact that due to refusal of power-intensive process of roasting, expenses on production are significantly cut down. As basis for concrete bricks use cement, water and granite elimination. Having mixed these components among themselves, to them just betray the necessary form and leave to stiffen.
If to make a start from the fact that the main requirement to the material used for finishing of facade is resistance to influence of different external factors, then this material more than corresponds to the set criteria. As for durability, concrete bricks do not concede to clinker. And thanks to different coloring, also perfectly look.
Standard dimensions of corpulent brick from concrete are provided in three options – 250х120х65 mm, 250х90х65 mm and 250х60х65 mm. There is also reinforced option of this corpulent facing brick, with the parameters of 250х120х88 mm.
Interestingly! Sometimes it is possible to meet the description with the indication of the sizes of “yellow” facing brick. Most often so call the product made by hyper pressing on the basis of cement and limestone-shell rock.
Lime facing brick: characteristics, advantages and shortcomings
Lime sand bricks also belong to materials which make, without resorting to roasting process. But this brick differs from the previous option in components which are its part. First of all, at all do not add cement to raw materials. Desirable durability of material is reached due to hardening of the silicate sand mixed with slaked lime. As stimulant of this process resort to use of autoclave installation which provides the elevated pressure and temperature.
Today this material does not enjoy especially popularity as facing material. First of all – it is connected with its exterior. In spite of the fact that producers after all have developed several color schemes, all of them look not too brightly and attractively. So in fight against ceramic or clinker bricks, silicate absolutely precisely lose.
But if to tell about positive aspects of such choice, then technical characteristics of this material more than satisfactory. On the one hand, silicate elements are slightly more subject to moisture absorption, than clinker, with another, they resist to impact of repeated soaking, freezing and defrosting better.
Helpful advice! To pick up the brick suitable on color, texture and form, it is not obligatory to spend the whole day at all, visiting hardware stores. The easiest way – to pass to the website of the reliable supplier, and having used the Online catalog, to pick up the best option.
The most popular colors and textures of bricks: facing for every taste
Color of the burned clay in itself quite bright and attractive, and often is the most preferable option. Natural coloring is in the greatest demand and for many years hold the leading position. But nevertheless, also other options are used.
It is very simple to give surfaces of facing brick the desirable invoice. For this purpose atop yet not stiffened element put the impressive drawing then the element is sent to the furnace.
But it is not the only way of registration and dressing of surface of facing brick.
So, on an equal basis with the main, also the following technologies are applied:
- guniting – process of drawing mineral crumb on brick surface;
- engobing – causing special structure which under the influence of high temperature provokes emergence of vitreous film;
- glass glazing – the process a little similar with previous, behind that exception that the structure which is applied on surface forms film of bigger thickness and durability.
Each of these options is worthy considerations and can be used in the course of facing works. Moreover, the bricks issued with use of different methods can be combined among themselves, making out certain sites of facade, door openings, etc. with their help. It will allow to avoid in registration of monotony.
Available coloring of facing bricks from different material
Color of ceramic brick depends on that how many and what additive it has been added to raw materials and also from roasting. Therefore quite often it is necessary to face that in different parties bricks have small differences in color. In order that it was not evident and did not spoil exterior of wall, it is recommended to take in turn bricks from different parties. So, the color of surface will be the most uniform.
If to speak about coloring of ceramic brick, then it is really provided by mainly red and brown shades. But their variety is so high that the choice just impresses.
And here the hyper pressed bricks in the course of which production there is no roasting paint in desirable color due to addition of pigment in raw materials. It allows to make uniform coloring on all volume of product and to avoid discrepancy of shades in different parties. Concrete bricks of white, black, pistachio, brown, red, peach, gray, chocolate and blue colors enjoy the greatest popularity. And those who love non-standard decisions, can consider color of ivory, straw, terracotta and even green.
By the same principle, as well as hyper pressed, make coloring of lime sand brick. The pigment is added in the course of solution mixing, using the special doser.
Important! Too large amount of paint as a part of solution can negatively affect durability of lime sand brick therefore for products of this type quite often resort to coloring only of one party.
Among basic colors of lime sand brick It should be noted white, pink, yellow, orange, gray violet.
How much is to buy facing brick: piece price
To understand, how much are bricks, it is necessary to study norms. Exactly there it is registered what sizes of brick the standard and what has to be the weight of one brick of this or that look.
First of all it should be noted that in the modern market both domestic, and European standards therefore when choosing suitable material it is necessary to pay attention to it equally admit.
At the expense of such double standards all material is in addition separated into 2 categories:
- NF – the normal size – 240х115х71 mm;
- DF – thinner – 240х115х52 mm.
The second option more corresponds to architectural classics, but choosing and buying material it is necessary to watch that all elements were one standard. Otherwise in the course of facing it is necessary to face from considerable amount of difficulties.
Considering the existing types of material, also the cost of facing brick has been in brief considered. But nevertheless it will be useful to compare once again how much is facing brick of this or that type to come to conclusion about expediency of this or that choice.
The cost of bricks strongly depends on its size, durability and also resistance to frosts. But there are also other factors, for example, the product of foreign producer will be much more expensive than domestic. So it is worth thinking in advance whether you are ready to overpay for name of the company or you will prefer simpler and cheap option.
Mounting hints of facing brick the hands
Process of mounting of facing brick not too differs from process of laying of ordinary construction brick, but nevertheless there are some nuances to which it is worth paying attention in advance:
- before finally laying all bricks with solution use, it is necessary to lay out them “dry” to be convinced of uniformity of laying. It needs to be made because brick oversizes (ceramic or any other) which practically always meet in party, have not spoiled exterior of facade;
- if there is need to reduce brick length, then for undercutting it is necessary to use the Bulgarian with the disk which is specially intended for this purpose;
- solution on which bricks keep within can be the same, as well as for laying of normal brick. The only condition – sand shall be exposed to preliminary sifting;
- if desired to issue wall in uniform color gamma, it is possible to add color components to composition of solution;
- the ideal size of seams between facing bricks for vertical up to 12 mm, for horizontal up to 10 mm.
Important! It is strictly forbidden to use for undercutting of brick the disk intended for work with metal. It can negatively affect brick, having made it unsuitable for further use and also to result in fault of the most cutting cloth.
In general, in order that the wall as a result had attractive exterior, special attention needs to be paid to forming of gaps. For this purpose laying needs to be made so that solution did not reach edge on 10-15 cm. It was simpler to reach it, it is possible to use the special template allowing to cope quickly and easily with objective.
One more secret which everyone who undertakes independent wall decoration has to know – need to provide air permeability of laying. For this purpose it is necessary to leave every fourth vertical joint empty, without filling with solution. Due to this reception air will be able freely to circulate and the humidity will be regulated.
If in the course of work on face side of brick solution has got, it is necessary to remove immediately it to prevent drying. As material quickly enough reacts with alkaline solution, completely it can be impossible to remove spot further.
Having studied all variety of facing bricks and also their sizes, the prices and characteristics, each owner of the house can pick up the most qualitative and suitable option for registration of the facade. Of course, choosing, it is necessary to be guided not only by exterior of material, but also and by the price of finishing brick for facade. However, it is quite possible to find attractive and inexpensive option which will satisfy all your wishes.