Table of Contents
The very first task for the lucky who have become owners of own parcel under capital or country building is establishment of borders of the site for the purpose of protection of property. Especially the owners having in the neighbourhood of the same beginners need to hurry with the solution of this task. Neighbors, due to a misunderstanding, can temporarily arrange on your site warehouse of construction materials, the parking for the transport, etc. it can bring big problems, further. For example, if on the earth to unload fiber glass, then, afterwards, to get rid of the spilling fibers, it is necessary to remove and take out considerable layer of prime quality land. Therefore the fence is necessary, especially if in the next plans the beginning of building and the first attempts of cultivation on the earth of ornamental plants and fruit and berry cultures.
Having decided on type of fence and having solid financial accounts, it is possible to build fencing at once, but, in most cases, assuming big costs of construction of the house and necessary farm buildings, owners of the earth are not ready to incur considerable expenditure for fence construction. It is quite explainable, even the brick fence for the site about 10 hundred parts can cost very much, not to mention casting. Zealous owners try to save on everything as know that construction can unpleasantly surprise with contingencies because it is, almost, impossible to provide all expenditure.
It is possible to build, of course, temporary wooden small fence, but these are financial expenses and perspective of secondary investment of capital in already capital fencing further too.
Depending on your next plans, it is possible to build fence of different degrees of protection of the site without the financial investments or with the minimum expenses.
Fence from ropes
It is possible to fence the site with the rope tense between wooden stakes or metal rods. Such illusive fencing will be able to stop only respectable citizens, but not animal or unreliable neighbors. Nevertheless it should be noted that even the most primitive fencing gives excellent effect if it is possible to be sure that neighbors are ready to reckon with the borders designated by you.
Fence from poles
Fencing from poles, perhaps, quite worthy option of establishment of borders of property. Acquisition of logs for columns and their installation will be the most expensive and labor-intensive process in this option. For production of columns it is recommended to use trunks of trees of coniferous breeds. Before installation columns need to be impregnated with anti-septic tank and flame retardant. It is better to sharpen top of columns in the form of the ground pencil and to cover with bitumen.
If the fence is going to be left as the main barrier and in the future, then it is better to get columns metal or steel concrete on which it is possible to mount lamps and to light the territory. It is also possible to use metal pipes as basic parts of fence. Columns for such fence need to be established at distance 2 – 2.5 meters from each other in advance prepared holes about 1.5 meters in depth. The earth which is filled up after installation of column needs to be stamped well.
Poles for such fence take, whenever possible, equal, their length has to correspond to distance between columns, diameter about 5 – 7 cm. To wooden columns of pole beat long nails, with calculation that the nail at an angle in 450, having stitched pole, will enter column cavity on 3-4 cm. The distance between the poles located horizontally, in parallel each other and at an angle about 900 to columns is chosen by from 10 to 30 cm.
Beautifully the fence from crude birch poles looks, it does not matter, that they will quickly collapse, it is possible to repair such fence, it is enough to tear off the damaged pole from column and to replace it new.
It is possible to do without nails, using as basic elements of semi-log (the log sawn lengthways). In that case poles are just inserted into them in turn from two parties. Above and below two parts of log fasten among themselves the metal brackets which are picked up for the size.
From steel concrete or metal the pole can be attached to metal pipe, column, in advance having prepared in support of opening or having attached metal corners.
Wattled fencing, not only the most budgetary option of fence, but also original element of decor which is often applied at registration of internal spaces of the yards and gardens.
- Horizontal wattle fence
Production of handmade such exclusive fence requires many branches of different thickness. Make trip to the next grove and cut rods and branches. As rods should be interwoven into fence, it is better to use osier-bed, hazel grove, rod. After you collect decent amount of material, begin to construct wattle fence:
1. Separate material on heaps: branches with a diameter of 3 – 7 cm suit for stakes, thinner will be necessary for texture of the main cloth.
2. Garden scissors and knife create branches, convenient for weaving, and, having chosen the necessary height, make the sharpened stakes by means of the axe. Consider that approximately on 50 centimeters the stake will need to be deepened to the earth. Instead of wooden stakes it is possible to use old water pipes.
3. On all perimeter of expected fence hammer stakes with step about 1 meter, holes for stakes can be prepared by means of scrap which is buried to the earth by means of sledge hammer. That the line of wattle fence was equal, drive in stakes along the rope tense in advance fixed between tags.
4. Stakes are recommended to be driven in into the earth with rubber or wooden hammer the sharpened end down, try not to damage top of stakes and to keep their exterior.
5. Weaving of fence is begun from below, the rod has to bend around the adjoining stakes from the different parties. Applying each following rod, change the party of weaving. That the wattle fence was strong, use rods of different length, it is necessary to get them for extreme stake not less than on 15 – 20 cm.
6. After the termination of construction of wattle fence it is necessary to give it the finished look, for this purpose it is necessary to cut off secateurs the sticking-out rods and, if necessary, to saw off top of stakes if some were higher than others.
- Vertical wattle fence
Vertical wattle fence using poles – the strongest design. It is constructed as follows: the capital columns from coniferous breeds of trees processed by anti-septic tank establish on barrier perimeter with interval 2 – 2.5 meters. To columns beat poles (3-4 pieces) in parallel each other with equal distance between them. The rods with a diameter about 3 cm made of flexible branches from the end sharpened from the thick party interweave between poles. At the same time the lower end of rod is stuck to the earth. Each following rod is interwoven from the opposite side of pole. Having decided on density of weaving and height of fence, carry out fence. Upon termination of works height of wattle fence can be leveled secateurs, the unequal height wattle fence looks too not bad therefore it is possible to leave it such what has turned out.
If to plant the trudging plants (ivy, wild grapes, the curling roses) along wattle fence, then the fence will look it much more attractive. Of course, every spring the wattle fence will need to be cleaned from the dried-up lashes.
Beautiful and reliable barrier can be built from the stakes hammered into the earth closely to each other. Such type of fence is known since the most ancient times. The paling fenced territories of settlements, it served our ancestors as protection against penetration of the enemy. Today this type of fence is used in few places, however in rural style the paling is suitable for dressing of street space as well as possible. If you have opportunity to get free of charge good stuff for construction, then the site can be fenced with fence paling, it will serve not one year because all making fences can be replaced, as required, new.
As material for paling use the rounded logs with a diameter of 10-15 cm: the stronger and the fence will be more long-lasting. Height of paling is determined randomly with calculation that about 1/3 logs it will be buried to the earth. Over earth surface the paling can tower from half a meter to 2 meters. As a rule, the upper part of logs of paling is sharpened at an angle about 400. It prevents premature damage of logs and gives to fence completeness.
In order to avoid rotting of wood and for ensuring long duration of operation of paling the lower part of logs needs to be antiseptic as they will be in the earth and will be subject to risk of rotting. In old times it was done by means of fire, i.e. on fire burned the lower part of logs, and not only that that will be in the earth, but also is a little higher (about 20 cm). Over fire the log needs to be held before formation of the charred crust about 15 mm thick, then it needs to be dipped into water and to stop burning.
Today there are many other not expensive ways of antiseptic: impregnation it is possible to process logs on all height, it is possible to process only their lower part bitumen. Having processed paling antifire impregnation, you protect yourself and the property from possible ignitions.
Construction of paling is begun with digging of trench which depth is defined depending on height of future fence. It is necessary to lay crushed stone of any fraction on bottom of trench if the soil in the site sandy, then is enough to fill crushed stone layer in 15 cm. If the clay soil, then is recommended to increase thickness of crushed-stone preparation to 30 cm. On the prepared basis establish stakes, usually have them closely to each other. The trench which is filled up with soil needs to be stamped well, periodically watering. To provide fences additional durability, stakes fasten among themselves from the inside of fence with two horizontal crossbeams from wooden bar, leaving from bottom and top of logs about 20 cm of crossbeam are beaten by nails of the necessary length to each stake.
There are other methods of establishment of paling:
- previously logs are sharpened from two parties. Screw in stakes by method of repeated sticking them to the earth. After dredging of stake the hole is watered and continue manipulations until the log is not established on the necessary depth.
- it is possible to drive in stakes by means of sledge hammer or the heavy hammer, but in this case there is risk of damage of upper part of logs.
Finishing coloring of fence paling mordant, transparent lacquer or paint will give it elegance and will create additional protection against adverse effect of natural natural factors.
The same as the person is met on clothes, hosts and the site evaluated on barrier. The fence from plain and available materials can quite look respectably if to execute it accurately with the maximum diligence and love.