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When choosing construction materials it is always necessary to be informed on their quality, range of application, reliability and durability for the required sphere of use. One of the most popular products of wood is fibreboard which range of application is rather extensive. Fibreboard: what is it and as it is correct to choose material to receive reliable product with long life cycle, it is in detail described in this article.
Fibreboard: what is it
Fiber board is construction material which is produced from wood fibers with addition binding glue additives and hydrophobic chemical components “wet way”, or without their application “dry way” by method of pressing or drying of wood pulp which forms in the form of rectangular carpet.
As initial material producers use waste of sawmilling, woodworking, combustion of plants. Rough raw materials by steaming and grind in defibrator are processed into necessary fibers. As binding component synthetic pitches in number of 4-7% of ratio of fibers of deciduous and coniferous breeds are used.
For increase in moisture resistance of material enter paraffin, rosin or ceresin into wood-fiber weight.
Production fibreboard is one of the most perspective methods of application of wood waste. This material is widely used in modern housing construction, for achievement of sound and thermal isolation of walls and floors of rooms, at production of inserted floors, finishings of internal elements of rooms, production of furniture and packaging container.
Production technique of fibreboard
Fibreboard is made on the basis of product sheet which structure is invariable more than fifty years.
This process of several stages consists:
- Washing of wood pulp. From it in the mechanical way on the adsorbing installations sand and other garbage is removed.
- Removal from mixing ratio of metals by means of electromagnets on special separator installations.
- Crushing of wood spill. Here grinding degree is established, beginning from rough to smaller.
- In defibrillator installation with lump it is mixed polymers, pitches and paraffin.
Further production of fibreboard is made in the “dry” or “wet” way. “The wet way” is more eco-friendly as here the small dose of the connecting mix which is toxic is attracted. Density and technical indicators of fibreboard directly depend on way of production.
Kinds of fibreboard: examples
Depending on material properties, method of manufacture and way of further application the modern industry makes the following types of fiber boards: soft, average density, semisolid, firm, superfirm. In any hardware store it is possible to buy fibreboard. The price for leaf is defined from standard size and type of product.
Soft fibreboard differs in the small durability, high rate of porosity and low heat conductivity. Thickness of plates varies within 8-25 mm. The consistency value is in interval between 150 and 350 kg/m³. Proceeding from material density, there are such brands of plates: M-1, M-2 and M-3.
This fibreboard type is not applied as the parent construction material. It can be used for heat insulation and sound insulation of building constructions, such as walls, floors, overlappings and another. It is gypsum cardboard analog, but easier, elastic and convenient when mounting. It is possible to buy soft fibreboard much cheaper, than the sheet of gypsum cardboard of the corresponding size.
Plates can be also used as base course under parquet, linoleum or laminate. Fibreboard also use for alignment of defects of the basis when laying floors.
Helpful advice! At production of soft fibreboard do not use synthetic binding element. It says about ecological security of this material which can be used for finishing of rooms of children and allergic persons.
In comparison with soft type, has this appearance of fibreboard higher rates of density and durability. Density of fibreboard of plates averages 850 kg/m³. The thickness of plate can contain in limits of values of 6-12 mm.
This fibreboard type is used as back walls of furniture, shelves, drawers of cabinets and tables. It is also often used as substrate when mounting floors. It has found popularity as application as packing material.
The consistency value of firm fibreboard is in limits of 800-1000 kg/m³. Product thickness – 2.5-6 mm. These plates apply at production of furniture as back walls, drawers and to production of panel board doors.
Helpful advice! The front surface of firm fibreboard is improved by synthetic and melamine films. Having the glossy, opaque, pigmented and imitated texture of tree, plates can be used for covering of internal walls of rooms.
In turn this type of plates depending on the size of durability, value of density and type of face side is subdivided into several brands.
White fibreboard enjoy wide popularity. Such universal color of material can be used for creation of bedrooms, kitchens and children’s rooms. Such covering can be decorated by special paint with the subsequent putting varnish. It is possible to buy white fibreboard at lower price, than the same leaf in other any color gamma.
Fibreboard with the improved face side
The improved fibreboard have high resistance to moisture and mechanical abrasion. Thanks to unique manufacturing techniques they have attractive exterior. During production of plates of this type the technology of drawing multilayer covering on front surface is used. The plate undergoes processing, then the priming coat which is background basis for future drawing is applied on its surface. The drawing can be miscellaneous. But each look in own way is imitation of wood structure.
Such plates use for production of door cloths, for finishing of walls and ceilings, internal elements of furniture. The modern industry releases the doors of standard dimensions made of fibreboard.
These plates possess high rate of density which is 950 kg/m³. It is high-quality material which is convenient and plain in mounting. High strength of plate is reached by its impregnation pectolum. These superfirm fibreboard are used for production of partitions, arches and doors. Are also widely applied by production of floor coverings. And the high rate of electrical insulation allows to apply plates to production of guards and panels.
Fibreboard of average density
Fibreboard of average density, or medium density fibreboard, is kind of semisolid plate. It is rather new construction material which has taken place of honor at furniture makers and builders. It is because its density is 700-800 kg/m³, durability is equal to size, as at fibreboard firm that is almost twice higher in comparison with chipboard.
Thanks to ease of processing, medium density fibreboard it is widely applied in the modern construction sphere. Make platbands of plates, plinth, fillets, facades of cabinet furniture, window sills, furrings for roofs, T-beams. They are used by production of interroom door cloths. And ceiling and fibreboard wall panels of this category will become the graceful decision for scenery of rooms. Also make laminate of medium density fibreboard.
Having asked important issue, how much is fibreboard, it is important to decide on the field of its further application. Here it should be taken into account all characteristics of each look and to choose the most optimum, proceeding from the price and quality.
The laminated fibreboard: this ready decision for finishing
Application of the laminated fibreboard has great popularity today. Special mix which consists of certain synthetic pitches is applied on material. Thanks to such technology these plates have the increased moisture resistance and durability.
In hardware stores it is possible to buy the laminated fibreboard of the following versions:
- Tiled type. Such fibreboard brand has wide number of the standard sizes beginning from 30х30 cm and finishing 100х100 cm. Such plates by means of connection thorn groove with use of special brackets fasten. Use of plates allows to create interesting patterns and ornaments. Every year the industry releases fibreboard with new color gamma and impressive patterns.
- Fibreboard under lining. It is new and more modern format of material. In the way of connection it is similar to wooden lining. This sheet material has standard dimensions. Connection of sheets happens as well as fibreboard of tiled type. Such fibreboard is used for shingling of surface of walls and covering of floors. Material possesses moisture resistance large-scale.
- Sheet type. It is universal type of the laminated fibreboard. It has the mass of versions of invoices, coloring, the sizes and ways of fastening of material on ceiling, floor, walls.
Ranges of application of the laminated fibreboard
The laminated fibreboard has certain properties which are considered when choosing its further application. Thanks to high rate of sound insulation, such plates use for those rooms in which it is necessary to achieve the maximum isolation. It concerns broadcasting cameras, sound recording studios.
Helpful advice! Laminated fiberboard has proven itself as an aesthetic, soundproof material. Therefore will become the real find for registration of interior of office rooms and audiences of educational institutions.
This universal construction material finds broad application at the device of the easy arches, interroom partitions difficult on design of false ceilings. Only this type of fibreboard can be applied to facing of facades of walls of furniture. Even more often the laminated panel fibreboard for walls which do not demand further finishing find application.
It is possible to buy the sheet fibreboard at rather low price that does this construction material by one of the most available in construction among other analogs.
At calculation of the total cost of construction and installation works using fiber board, it is worth knowing, how much is fibreboard leaf. The price of each panel forms taking into account the size, version and the place of purchase. Construction online stores offer more reasonable prices in comparison with market quotations.
Main advantages of fiber boards
Thanks to moisture resistance large-scale, these plates can be used for covering of outside and balcony doors. Fibreboard possesses high rate of sound insulation and heat insulation. Material is plain in processing, is characterized by long life cycle and has insignificant weight that simplifies its further mounting. Low price of fibreboard, depending on type, dimensions and thickness of product, considerably reduces the total cost of all construction and installation works, without prejudice to their quality.
The surface of fibreboard is easy and simple in daily leaving. For cleaning it is enough to wipe material with wet rags without powder use. Wall decoration with use of plates does not require their preliminary alignment.
Helpful advice! Without prejudice to quality and structure of material, it easily gives in to dressing by means of decorative plaster or paint.
Each type of fibreboard, except medium density fibreboard, has narrow scope of application. Toxic connections are part of some types of panels. Therefore works on processing of this material should be carried out in individual protection equipment and in well ventilated rooms.
The sheet fibreboard does not maintain considerable transverse load because of the small thickness of product. Therefore mounting of material needs to be made accurately, without leaving between wall and the panel of airbags which can become the plate break reason.
Fibreboard is one of the most widespread construction materials. For finishing of internal elements of the room of the house, fibreboard has number of advantages before other similar construction materials. This practical, inexpensive, light material in processing allows to achieve several goals at once: heat insulation, good ability to absorb all external noise, resistance to temperature variation and differences of humidity.