Table of Contents
It is possible to learn from this article what properties and technical characteristics hammer paint on metal has: distinctive features of material, scope of application, merits and demerits, list of components and their functional purpose. In the text the existing kinds of coverings, their parameters and quotations and also step-by-step technology of coloring of surfaces in detail are considered.
Hammer paint on metal: basic information about structures
Hammer paint has received the name thanks to the decorative effect inherent in this type of covering. The surface processed by structure looks as the stamping on metal executed manually by means of the forge hammer. This type of finishing material has been developed especially for processing of the equipment used in laboratories and at manufacturing enterprises. For this reason there was no need to pay attention to decorative characteristics, the color gamma of dyes has been provided by exclusively gray shade earlier.
Thanks to high resistance to corrosion and negative factors of external influence hammer paint became popular and demanded, and its color palette was significantly expanded.
Definition of hammer paint: what the structure what it contains components is
To understand, properties of covering, it is necessary to understand what is hammer paint on metal and what components it includes. The structure has exclusive durability. Dye is made using alkyd styrene, acrylic and epoxy components. In addition, the structure contains fillers in the form of small fractional glass and aluminum powder and also silicone oil. In liquid state ready dye has the increased adhesion. It quickly grabs on surface, and after drying very qualitative and strong covering forms.
Pay attention! The high density of mix is provided thanks to availability of metal powder in structure. At the expense of it the covering turns out strong, however putting hammer paint by means of the sprayer becomes problematic.
When hammer dyes began to be used not only in the protective, but also decorative purposes, producers have added color pigments to mixing ratio. The combination of small fractional glass, aluminum powder, silicones and aluminum flakes increases water tightness and improves texture of covering.
Why it is favorable to buy hammer paint on metal: material advantages
The unique composition of finishing material has provided it demand in the market.
Good paint on metal with hammer effect has set of advantages:
- high resistance to temperature differences that allows covering to maintain influence of high temperature (up to 80 °C);
- there is no need for preliminary preparation of rusty surface, it is possible to refuse priming and cleaning;
- the accelerated and simple system of coloring;
- lack of stickiness;
- the fast period of drying up (dye after aerosol drawing dries already later 2 h);
- resistance to negative impact of environmental factors;
- the resistance to vibration influence allowing use of dye for processing of walls of the equipment, metal fences, garage gate;
- long anticorrosive protection of metal – up to 8 years;
- safety for human health;
- after full drying the covering does not allocate in air of toxic substances;
- possibility of use of different tools for drawing, for example, brushes, roller, aerosol;
- lack of unpleasant smell;
- possibility of use of dye for carrying out internal finishing work;
- extensive choice of flowers;
- maintaining attractive exterior for 3 years;
- the covering perfectly pushes away pollution thanks to what hammer paint can be used for finishing of garage gate.
Helpful advice! If to use aerosol way of drawing, it is possible to control dye consumption.
Scope of paint on metal with hammer effect
Unique properties and the improved characteristics have provided to hammer enamel popularity and the wide sphere of use.
This type of dye is applied to processing of different objects:
- equipment of industrial function;
- case part of machines;
- drain elements, flagstaffs;
- garden stock, accessories, weather vanes;
- specialized devices;
- electric boards;
- the building constructions made of metal;
- metal cabinets, safe designs;
- racks and office furniture;
- agricultural equipment and machines;
- barriers and gate.
Hammer dye is also applied as decorative coat to decoration of the products executed from tile, strong plastic, glass. Most often the structure is applied on arbors, barriers and gate which need to anticorrosive protection. Most attractive, hammer paint looks on the metal goods made by forging method. The covering gives them the original invoice and enhances gloss.
Scope of application is not limited to landscaping as dye is suitable for finishing of surfaces in rooms. After causing structure on surface of the products made of non-ferrous or galvanized metals, steel the reliable anticorrosive barrier forms.
Use of hammer paint on metal: colors and price
Best of all dye with hammer effect lays down on horizontally located surfaces. When drawing the structure will flow down on vertical planes. Besides, it will be impossible to achieve characteristic shagreen effect. Therefore it is the most preferable to consider the possibility that for the period of coloring the processed subject will need to be established horizontally. If there is no such opportunity, it is desirable to buy quick-drying structure which will not manage to extend too quickly on surface.
The color palette of dye includes the following shades:
- dark blue;
- dark green.
The price of hammer paint on metal depends on the producer, time of drying and other characteristics.
Helpful advice! If coloring of new metal is supposed, surely it is required to remove layer of factory lubricant which has opened the surface of material.
Popular grades of hammer paints on metal
One of popular paints are the structures of Hammerite belonging to expensive segment of coverings. This dye of the English production is very demanded in the market and can be applied over rust.
Features of paint on metal in barrel: sprays of popular trademarks
Hammer dyes have different appearance of packing including in the form of barrels. Structures differ from the BOSNY trademark in simplicity of operation, as well as any finishing material in the form of spray. Thanks to similar way of drawing it is possible to dose dye and to cut its consumption. This type of coverings is absolutely safe, it is characterized by long storage lives and fast drying. Causing structure over the surface covered with small amount of rust is allowed.
Pay attention! BOSNY dye does not contain mercury and harmful metals (lead).
Hammerite effect dyes create fine decorative coat. At the same time the surface turns out with pronounced shagreen leather which the muffled gloss is characteristic. The hammer effect at uniform drawing is shown on all processed area. This type of dye belongs to the category of finishing materials 3 in 1. Also, the structure contains anticorrosive components. Hammerite effect paint can be applied on rusty objects, and in the presence of friable thick-layer corrosion preliminary cleaning of surface under painting will be required.
The Italian Idea Spray Maimeri dye is completed with the high-quality sprayer therefore it can be applied even to processing of thin decorative parts on metal goods. This type of products possesses high rate of fast drying and well lays down on basis.
What consumption of paint on metal with hammer effect
The consumption of dye depends not only on some specific producer and its structure, but also on external factors of influence:
- Weather patterns.
- The used tool.
- Qualities of the processed surface.
- Features of dye.
If coloring is carried out at hot weather or direct sunshine are directed to object, the liquid which is in structure will evaporate much quicker. As a result the expense will increase by 1.5 times. Strong wind gusts provoke emergence of defects in the form of roughnesses and strips to surfaces that also affects the spent dye volume, increasing it by 20%. In such conditions it is impossible to cause structure with thin layer.
Use of paint spray gun as the tool for putting paint can become in the successful way to save, but only at experience in coloring. Otherwise desire to lower expenses will turn into laid on action.
Can serve as the reason for that:
- Uneven drawing.
- Aeration of structure.
- Formation of drips.
Brushes are characterized by the increased absorbing ability therefore their use increases paint consumption. Especially it concerns the tool with winding from nylon. The most optimal variant the roller with correctly picked up fur coat is considered. The surface is rougher, the more long there has to be pile.
Expense of the popular painting structures:
|Name||Consumption of dye, l/m²|
|Maimeri Idea Spray||0.2|
Pay attention! The dye consumption not always corresponds to information specified on packaging. This value always approximately as it is affected by many factors. All these moments should be considered when calculating the minimum quantity of paint. Average consumption of hammer dye – 150 ml/m ².
Use of hammer paint on metal: responses of buyers
Many consumers give preference to hammer dyes when there is need for processing of the metal goods which is on the street. The majority of the comments left by buyers at forums note advantages of these structures:
“I thoroughly treat question of arrangement of the house therefore I select all construction and finishing materials very carefully. Judging by responses Hammerite dye, despite so high cost, justifies expenses. To me also negative comments met, but most often they have been connected with violation of technology of drawing, in particular, to the wrong surface preparation. Therefore I have decided to stop on this dye and has to tell, was not mistaken with the choice. The fine covering with long life cycle, and integrates in itself several functions at once. Since I have tested it, I recommend to all”.
“In due time it happened to check the Italian quality of finishing materials in practice. Textured paints have well proved not only when drawing, but also in use. Therefore I have chosen for coloring of metal arbor of the Italian producer of hammer Maimeri paint. By means of convenient spray with small and economic spraying I managed to process completely for half of day the product decorated with shod elements. All neighbors delighted with result, as well as I. Definitely, this dye costs all expenses”.
Technology of putting hammer paint for metal: how it is correct to paint
The technology of putting hammer dye depends on the chosen structure, type of the processed surface and also extent of corrosion damage. If coloring of new metal with smooth surface is supposed, preparation consists in full removal of factory lubricant. It is for this purpose recommended to wash basis under painting by means of greasy solvent. Will approach solvent or white spirit. The surface is processed not less than 2-3 times. Then the basis is wiped by means of volatile solvent, for example, of acetone.
To check quality of removal of lubricant, the surface should be got wet by means of filter paper. If on material there are greasy spots, it is necessary to repeat the above-stated procedure again.
Helpful advice! If work with the brilliant and smooth basis is necessary, it is necessary to take the measures allowing to increase adhesive properties of dye. It is for this purpose recommended to process surface by means of metal brush or sanding paper, having made it rough.
Hammer paint is perfectly combined with other types of finishing. The powder structures and materials containing bituminous additives are exception. Removal of the exfoliating pieces of dye or rust can only be required.
Popular means for removal from metal of old paint and rust
The exfoliating pieces of rust and old dye can be removed manually or mechanically.
Recommendations about performance of mechanical cleaning of surface:
- Cleaning will require the Bulgarian or drill with set of metal brushes.
- The size of brush is selected taking into account form of object and its area.
- After processing of metal surface it is necessary to check quality of result.
- Special attention should be paid to hard-to-reach spots, for example, to T-joints, bends or joints. If it is required, it is necessary to walk on them repeatedly.
If after mechanical cleaning on surface there were traces of the exfoliating rust, the basis needs to be finished manually, using the brushes intended for cleaning of metal goods.
Powder dyes with which hammer coverings are incompatible are eliminated with the following methods:
Efficiently removals of powder covering use of chemicals is most. In such cases it is possible to buy washing of paint from Remover metal for steel and aluminum articles or Feil-4 (expense of 0.12-0.25 g/m ²) which is applied also to cleaning of concrete, plaster, wooden and stone surfaces. When using chemical removers it is necessary to use protective measures: gloves, glasses, respirator.
How to paint with hammer Hammerite paint: choice of the tool, suitable for work
After the surface is prepared, it is necessary to decide on method of drawing and to pick up the corresponding tool:
- spraying in the airless way;
- aerosol barrel;
- paint spray gun;
The choice of the tool depends on the sizes and form of object, availability and quantity of welds. It is reasonable to use aerosol barrel when coloring or updating of the small area with flat surface is required. For products with difficult configuration it is better to pick up brush. Treat such products: designs with large number of welds, benches and fences, figured grids and shod products.
Helpful advice! For coloring of products, difficult in form, it is better to use brush with natural pile.
The paint spray gun and the roller will cope with the flat surfaces having the big area. These tools are intended for coloring of door assemblies, gate and deaf metal fences, iron roofs.
At preparation stage it is also necessary to take care of with what to dilute hammer paint. And the means used for normal structures will not be suitable for these purposes. It is necessary to use the thinners recommended by the producer, it is desirable the same brand.
Hammerite thinners are effective and safe. They are suitable for internal and outside works. If means is used inside, it is necessary to provide good ventilation. Thinners are applied also to cleaning of surface, removal of spots of oil, fat, paint and cleaning of tools after coloring.
Putting hammer paint on Hammerite metal the pneumosprayer and paint spray gun
The qualitative result of coloring by paint spray gun or the pneumosprayer is possible only at observance of several conditions:
- The surface has to be clean and smooth.
- Use of the tool demands skills.
- Correctly picked up degree of viscosity of dye.
According to the instruction of optimum viscosity of Hammerite dye it is possible to achieve by mixing of structure with Brush Cleaner & Thinners thinner in the ratio 2:1 respectively. As the viscosity indicator is also influenced by air temperature, not always such proportions can be right. Therefore it is necessary to check readiness of paint for drawing by method of tests or use of the special device – the viscometer.
Solvent is added to paint until mix after stirring by wooden blade from it drips but not to flow down. Optimum consistence at running off – 1 drop/sec.
Before coloring it is recommended to filter structure. Spraying is carried out in several layers. It is recommended to apply dye on surface 3-4 times. At the same time, the first layer has to be the thinnest in the form of sputtering, the last layer needs to be made thick, but within limits not to spoil result.
Helpful advice! Vertical surfaces need to pay special attention. Their coloring has to be the fastest and accurate. The recommended break between drawing – 20-30 min. Optimum distance between the tool and surface – 15-20 cm.
Putting hammer Hammerite paint by means of barrel and the roller
Before starting coloring, it is necessary to shake up carefully barrel that the mix which is inside was well stirred. As well as in case with paint spray gun and the pneumosprayer barrel it is necessary to have at distance of 15-20 cm from the processed surface. Required quantity of layers – 4. The principle of causing structure is similar, only drying time changes. The initial thin covering dries about 2-3 min. The subsequent layers demand longer intervals – from 15 to 20 min.
If as the tool for putting dye the roller is chosen, it is necessary to take product with the fur or woolen coat having short pile. Also use of brush which will help to work those places where it is difficult to reach, for example, corners and edging part will not prevent. When putting paint the roller, there is enough 2-3 layers. In this case it is obligatory to use corporate Brush Cleaner & Thinners thinner for the first layer. The recommended proportion – 1:9. Further it is possible to refuse it.
Use of brush for coloring by structure of Hammerite
The brush belongs to discharge of generalpurpose tools for putting dye. However there are situations at which use of other methods of processing is impossible. Optimal variant are flat brushes with natural bristle.
For a start it is necessary to process all bends, angular and edging parts, welds and small elements. Corrosion damage of metal goods usually begins with them. By means of brush it is carried out two or three-layer putting Hammerite dye. If the product is decorated with small refined elements, it will be required to repeat this manipulation of 5-6 times. At the same time there is restriction, the general coating thickness should not exceed 100 microns.
If to use brush with synthetic pile, this material will melt, as a part of hammer dyes there are organic solvents. Irrespective of the chosen paint and way of drawing, the processed surface has to be clean. Only in this case the hammer covering will reliably and evenly lay down on basis and will serve long.