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If to consider apartment renovation step by step, then finishing of ceiling – the most unloved masters action. Are engaged in ceiling at independent renovation of the room even less often. When there comes the urgent need of implementation of similar works, there is a wish to carry out them with the minimum dirt, quickly, simply and with the high-esthetic end result. Glue ceilings meet all these requirements.
What is glue ceiling
The glue ceiling is the universal decision allowing to issue artly practically any room. The technology of mounting represents fixing on ceiling of polystyrine plates with the relief drawing applied on them. The form and coloring of tiles can be the most different that gives the chance to create unique design decisions.
In hardware stores it is possible to meet the different options of tiles differing on thickness and exterior. The reason of differences is in method of production. It defines also specifics of use of soffit slabs. It is possible to distinguish the following from the most widespread:
- Extruded. These are the thinnest tiles as they are made by pressing of polystyrine strip. At thickness of 3 mm differ in the highest strength indices and durability. Most often have smooth surface structure. Shops are provided in broad color variety.
- Pressed. They are received by method of pressing of polystyrene foam blocks. Differ in average values of thickness from 5 to 8 mm. Most often are issued in white color, but can be painted in any tone.
- Injection. In this case expanded polystyrene is exposed to processing at high temperatures therefore tiles up to 14 mm thick with good strength indices turn out. This finishing material always has accurately expressed relief drawing and the correct geometrical forms.
If for finishing of ceiling options with special characteristics are required, then it should be taken into account such decisions:
- The laminated tile. Its “front” surface is covered with plastic film. It allows to improve durability of finishing material and also gives it the increased moisture resistance and stability against pollution.
- Seamless tile. This conditional name means that material distinguishes small thickness and also the specific drawing which passes from one tile to another, creating solidity of covering.
- Mirror tile – plastic squares or rectangles with the put mirror sputtering. It is considered the ideal decision for rooms of the small area.
However the variety of options not always allows to choose the necessary decision quickly. Also there are difficulties with assessment of quality of plates as the glue ceiling does not belong to the most widespread making-good procedures. To buy the “correct” tile, it is necessary to consider number of the moments.
How to choose glue ceiling
At first it is worth stopping on compliance of tiles of glue ceiling to requirements at repair:
- The budgetary option – the pressed tile;
- The seamless glue ceiling is formed by injection blocks;
- To wet rooms the extruded tile will approach;
- For the bathroom and kitchen it is better to choose the laminated option.
Having decided on design and specific features of glue ceiling, it is worth drawing close attention to quality. Among significant nuances It should be noted:
- Each tile has to correspond strictly to the correct geometrical form (rectangle, square);
- Edges of tiles surely equal, corners – straight lines.
- At granular structure it is worth paying attention to uniformity of surface.
- The tile should not be showered and break under curb weight.
- Density and material thickness should not change on all area of tile.
How to calculate quantity of tiles
Here it is important not to allow one of the most widespread mistakes – not to buy tile, proceeding from ceiling surface area. The temptation to be limited to calculation of square meters is high, but it can lead to excessively heavy expenses of finishing material.
More correct decision – to draw the scheme. Observing proportions of ceiling and the tile placed on it, it is necessary to line all leaf on accurate squares (rectangles if the tile of this form is chosen). At the same time it should be taken into account at once that tiles are put from the central cross hairs on ceiling by equal ranks. Further calculation of the drawn tiles which will yield the actual result follows.
Professional builders recommend to increase the received digit by 15-20% that was what to replace the broken or incorrectly cut tile.
At once it is possible to calculate also the necessary length of ceiling plinth which is glued on perimeter of the area and, respectively, it is equal to it.
Preparation of ceiling
Than the glue ceiling, so it the fact that not it demands perfect condition of surface under it is good. It is quite enough to be limited to number of simple actions.
- Stage first: cleaning of ceiling. Means full removal of old finishing: washing of whitewashing, removal of wall-paper or old paint. Also on surface there should not be centers of pollution, soot and excess of dust.
- Stage second: alignment. Here it is worth taking care of elimination of especially big cracks and roughnesses. Similar problems are solved by means of plaster and the palette. It is possible to leave minor defects if they do not interfere with works and do not deform tile at its gluing.
- Stage third: putting primer. Even if the ceiling is in perfect tune, it needs to be grounded. Primer will connect dust and will increase adhesion to glue.
And of course, to the beginning of all works on surface preparation to finishing work, it is worth taking care of dismantling of the lamp and isolation of wiring.
Mounting of glue ceiling
First of all it is necessary to decide on the gluing structure. As polystyrine materials do not differ in high requirements for adhesion, and the tile is very easy, it is possible to acquire one of the following options:
- Acrylic sealant;
- Liquid nails;
- All-purpose adhesive;
- Special ceiling glue.
Just before mounting it is worth deciding on general lay-out of tiles on ceiling. Here it is possible to use the preliminary drawing or to change basic option a little. Most often the scheme of mounting of tiles of glue ceiling is influenced by location of the lamp. It can be located in the center of the room or to be displaced concerning the middle.
In the first case it is necessary to define the center of ceiling by means of diagonal lines and to draw through it straight lines perpendicular to walls. If squared ceiling, then it is necessary to outline square, proceeding from data on its center and the size of one party (ceiling width). Diagonals, but already for this square are again marked. Mounting is conducted so that the corner of tile “looked” in the center, and its edges have laid down along noted straight lines. Further the glue ceiling is mounted, continuing the begun ranks of tiles.
In the second option when the lamp is not in the center of the room, it is necessary to arrive a little differently. Through point of arrangement of chandelier draw the lines perpendicular to walls, and right angles then received halve, receiving square diagonals. Further mounting is conducted according to the above described scheme.
If these options seem too difficult, then simplification of schemes is allowed. It means that having drawn lines parallel to walls, the square with diagonals is not drawn, and mounting begins at once. Then the drawing on glue ceiling differs in accurately expressed classical geometry.
It is also possible to consider the fantasy ideas of laying of glue ceiling based on use of tiles of two flowers. Most often mounting is conducted in chessboard order though it is possible to use also the drawing of spiral. Both decisions look interestingly and perfectly decorate interior.
Process of gluing of tile looks as follows:
- Glue is applied on surface pointwise in 4-6 places;
- Tile have so that all corners and straight lines accurately matched.
Tiles of the last ranks, that is located at walls most often it is necessary to cut. To hide uneven edges, on the end of repair the glue ceiling is made out special plinths.
Fillets mount by means of the same glue, as tile, and they perfectly close gaps to 15 mm. Besides, ceiling plinth perfectly supplement noble registration, give to design completeness.
Care of glue ceilings
Unlike many other finish coats the glue ceiling needs periodic leaving. Rules of cleaning are simple:
- Wet cleaning – for the laminated options;
- Dry cleaning and the vacuum cleaner – for not laminated tile;
- The normal eraser will remove pointed pollution;
- Alcohol will help to cope with greasy spots.
If the white ceiling has become soiled over time, its former attractiveness can be returned easily normal painting. Aqueous emulsion ink will give freshness and also if desired will help to change color of glue ceiling.
When there comes time of the next repair, the glue ceiling will be required to be removed. It is very simple to make it. By means of the rigid palette it is necessary to separate tile together with glue. If part of whitewashing or paint from under finish coat is removed, then it is not terrible. The main criterion of quality of dismantling – total absence of traces of tiles and glue.
Instead of conclusion or advantage of glue ceiling
Who at least once made out ceiling by means of polystyrine plates, returns by this way of finishing again. The glue ceiling differs in the huge list of advantages and very insignificant shortcomings. Among pluses It should be noted:
- Universality. This type of finishing will be suitable both for the nursery, and for kitchen, and even for the bathroom;
- Design. The huge choice of coloring and forms allows to create and royally magnificent ornament, and thoughtless patterns on ceiling.
- Simplicity of mounting. There is nothing difficult in glue soffit slabs independently. And the fact that the ceiling does not need difficult preliminary preparation in addition simplifies all works.
- Low price. Styrofoam – inexpensive material, but at the same time qualitative, strong, beautiful and safe.
- Excellent noise-absorbing and insulating properties.
And here shortcomings of everything two: fast dirt adherence which is easy for eliminating, and low resistance to damages.
Thus, glue ceiling – excellent opportunity to create beautiful interior the hands and for low cost.