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Admirers of all natural prefer to surround themselves, whenever possible, at arrangement of personal space, natural materials. People whose priority even more often is healthy lifestyle, fortunately, become more. Technical progress has tired out mankind to such an extent that we are simply forced to recognize negative effects of its development, and we aim to neutralize them. Inhabitants of city apartments try to leave more often on the nature, get the country parcels, part houseplants, get pets. Certainly, the people who have made the decision to leave the megalopolis and to lodge in own house in the suburbs, receive huge freedom of action in recovery of the health.
The idea of creation of green hedge is not new, it has arisen naturally, probably, still when Eve and Adam could spend hours in privacy, disappearing in thickets of divine garden.
Everything that is necessary for creation of green hedge: it is a little imagination, patience, persistence and knowledge of features of growth of the chosen plants.
Live fences, depending on the plants applied to them, are capable to decorate domestic constructions, to differentiate site zones, to become full-fledged cozy fence.
Classification of live fences
Green hedges can be subdivided on:
- borders, up to 0.5 meters high;
- undersized, up to 1 meter high;
- medium tall, less than 1.5 meters high;
- tall, more than 1.5 meters high;
- live walls, more than 2.5 meters high.
Fences can be created from plants in the natural way and by method of hairstyle, do not subject to cutting of plant which beautifully blossom or possess natural attractive forms. The hairstyle is applied to creation of different compositions and absolutely equal fences.
There are prickly, not prickly, single-row and multirow green hedges. Prickly fences, in addition to decorative function play role of good watchmen as to make the way through dense prickly bushes with elastic branches is problematic not only to the person, but even the animal will avoid the territory fenced with biting prickly plants. When landing several rows of bushes, plants land in chessboard order.
Distinguish fences from trees and bushes of the deciduous and coniferous breeds which are blossoming and not blossoming, berry, fruit.
Creation of borders
By means of green borders frame paths and carry out drawings on lawns.
For creation of borders and low fences plant perennials:
To receive the brought-down accurate line, plants need to be planted densely. Above-mentioned flowers and bushes are not really whimsical and are not exacting to watering, the majority them them well transfers hard winters and drought. But, of course, everyone has the features about which it is necessary to know before making the decision on their use on the site.
Forming of low and average green fence
In low and average fencings the functionality and esthetics is combined: first the meter and one-and-a-half-meter fence is capable to be the full-fledged boundary which is the first line of protection, protecting internal space from penetration of street dust, neutralizing exhaust gases of transport passing by. Secondly, the green hedge created properly decorates with itself not only internal, but also external space. Besides, the sufficient height of bushes hides owners and their guests from curious neighbors and passersby. In the third, having planted the fructifying bushes, it is possible to derive from such fence additional benefit in the form of tasty berries.
When landing different bushes in several rows, it is necessary to consider how each bush separately will develop. The chess order of landing differently of the forming plants will provide good isolation of the territory from street space.
Put fence by method of digging of trench, bookmark in it necessary fertilizers and watering. Saplings can be grown up independently or to buy them in the nearest nursery. It is possible to be engaged in landing of green hedge at the beginning of March or in November when plants are in stage of rest and in them there is no sap flow.
Live walls are, as a rule, applied to barrier of big allotments, parks, differentiation of traffic lanes, to creation of green interior in summer cafes, theaters under the open sky.
Green fence from willow
Probably, many gardeners are familiar with such situation when on site the willow stick thrust last summer, in the new spring leaves suddenly were dismissed? Surprising survivability of willow, its ability to take roots, having experienced practical destruction, does it by ideal material for construction of live fence or dressing of separate part of the territory. The willow has the strong internal structure dressed in soft oblong green leaves in the summer. It becomes covered by surprising cascade of earrings in the spring, in the winter and will be pleasing to the eye figured fence in the fall. At the same time dressing function only supplements the main destination of willow fence – full barrier of the territory. The taken roots trees since the first season of the development are capable to become the supplier of new construction material for dressing of arches, creation of shady arbors, game lodges and landing of differentiating strips, etc. Therefore having put at first only part of fence from the selected natural material in the early spring, works can be continued late fall, using already own material from the osier-bed which has grown during the summer.
The willow combines advantages of strong barrier and year-round attractiveness, besides it applies for role of peculiar garden. The willow does not decay, is unpretentious, quickly grows and breeds, does not need additional finishing. From time to time such fence will need to be thinned out and to correct weaving.
Preparation of the soil and shanks for willow fence
Put fence from willow at the end of October – the beginning of March, for this purpose it is necessary to pave the way for landing and to collect shanks. The landing strip has to correspond to length of future fence, make in width of 50 – 60 cm. If two-row or three-row landing is planned, then width of trench has to be increased, at least, by 30 cm for each row.
For successful rooting of shanks, the area near trench needs to be processed from weeds special structure or mechanically. Chemical treatment gives the best effect if you do not want to bring chemistry, it is necessary to be engaged actively during the first season in weeding of the growing-up fencing.
Alternative to the above described ways of fight against weeds, in the presence of very big areas and for the purpose of cost saving of time the covering of the area of gardening by anti-root material or dark not transparent plastic covering is. Material needs to be fixed well at the edges, having driven its edges in the earth, having powdered them or having fixed by big pins. For exterior improvement, material can be decorated from above with wood bark, mulch or gravel.
It is not required to create special conditions for cultivation of willow fence, the plant is capable to grow even on the grown poor soil. If desired, before landing in trench it is possible to fill complex fertilizer. The willow loves moisture therefore at first, for lack of rains, it will be necessary to take care of moistening of the soil. You can collect willow shanks in any lesochk near the river, the lake or the swamp, in dense thickets, on the outskirts of log, etc. Shanks and sticks of any form 60-90 cm long will approach, fast results it is possible to teach, using full-fledged shanks about 1.5 meters high. Take with yourself garden knife or scissors, shovel, cut large number of sticks and dig out shanks. Cabins (stick) have to have cross bevel, will put them so easier.
In the nature the set of kinds of willow, the companies specializing in sale of planting stock grows, can offer you the most attractive versions if you do not want to apply the grades widespread in the area of your accommodation. Very beautifully the white willow looks, it has attractive light color of leaves, form of women’s and men’s earrings different. There are grades with very beautiful bark.
Norms of landing
Ideally on 1 running meter of two-row landing 8 units of planting stock are required, it is possible to put 4 (economical option). Put shanks and cabins at an angle, the roll provides good root and prevents drying up of plant. Landing depth: 25 – 30 cm. After falling asleep by soil, it is necessary to stamp trench with plants a little.
There are no special rules of landing, everyone relies upon the own ideas.
- Landing of two highest and strong plants at certain distance from each other between which smaller willows are located will allow to connect, in the future, them wire. It is so easier to create fence, it will look more tidily because the growing-up bushes can be filled.
- Such order is recommended: between stronger shanks to maintain distance of 75 cm – 1 meter; between them put 2-3 weaker shanks with interval about 25 cm.
- That further the fence had the beautiful form, at two-row landing of plant it is necessary to have at an angle about 450 rather each other, i.e. in chessboard order. At observance of exact step, barrier it to turn out more attractive.
- More dense fence to turn out if to weave or connect together 2 plants when forming fence.
- As a rule, the lower wire pull at distance 30 cm from the earth, upper at discretion, being guided by the desirable height of fence.
- The pattern for fence is chosen randomly: it is possible to have plants cross-wise from different childbirth below, to weave in the middle two single-row and above again to fix among themselves cross-wise, etc.
- It is necessary to leave material for the shelter on couple of seasons, then he needs to be moved away.
- Survival of plants is defined already in the first season, doubtful plants it is worth keeping till the next season and to place only in the same grade good shanks, filling gaps.
Before planning or beginning any business, it is worth staying the skeptic even if you at heart the big optimist. The scepticism in certain dose helps to assess really situation and to leave from possible difficulties. The fine idea of arrangement of fence by means of landing of live plants can be accompanied by labor input as plants can freeze, dry up, hurt. Besides, the choice of this kind of barrier will interfere with the normal growth of cultural plants if to arrange them near green hedge. Roots of the developed intaking bushes shall eat, absorbing nutrients from the soil on which grow, depleting it. The green hedge if to group it from high bushes, will give considerable deep shadows that can be pernicious for the plants planted in hatched area.
If you very much want to have live fence, but sharply lack for time, it is better to plant plants which do not need to be created.