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Pieces of furniture, floor and wall coverings and also set of other finishing materials are made of MDF plates. However not it is clear to everyone that is meant by this abbreviation. In article we will consider all available information on the MDF panels: what is it, to what it is applied what advantages this material thanks to which it is so actively used today has.
MDF plates: what is it, where and as they can be used
The abbreviation of MDF is deciphered as Medium Density Fibreboard. Make such plates of wood fibers which density corresponds to average values, pressing them in the conditions of elevated pressure.
Scopes of the received plates are diverse. For many made factory products MDF acts as basis.
Let’s consider several main directions of use of this material in life:
- the MDF sheet panels is used for finishing of floors and ceilings;
- the covering of walls the MDF panels also meets rather often;
- production of furniture, which facades which can have as smooth surface, the carved elements well decorated;
- thanks to the properties, MDF is widely used as a sound insulation material, allowing to reduce considerably audibility between rooms;
- more unusual, but very popular use of this material – transformation of steel shutters. MDF is used as decorative pad on already available surface, thus, improving its exterior. At the same time it is possible to buy pad medium density fibreboard on outer doors in the most different variations and flowers.
It is interesting to know! One more sphere of use of MDF is production of the boxes intended as for packaging of gifts, and just for transportation of different products.
It this material was widely used thanks to the fact that in the course of its production materials, only completely safe for human health, in particular carbide pitches are used. Besides such plates possess excellent technical characteristics: heat stability and moisture-proofness and also are not subject to education on surface and in different shaving of fungi and mold. All this does plate MDF by the worthy competitor to natural wood.
Chipboard or MDF: what it is better to choose and why
Lately MDF was strongly pressed by chipboard in the market. Why has so occurred and whether there is difference between these, so similar, materials? Let’s try to understand whether such arrangement of positions and what it is caused by is justified.
First of all it is worth remembering that chipboard is wood-shaving plate, which as well as MDF, it is made of wood crumb by pressing and addition of special binding substance. However, the second option has several essential differences and advantages, as became decisive factor in question of popularity of its use in some spheres.
The ability of chipboard to hold the parts twisted in it is much worse. If to speak about production of furniture, then it is fraught with falling away of the attached parts. Doors of kitchen lockers, door handles and many other things can just disappear. Moreover, repeatedly it is not possible to fix the disappeared part as openings are subject to fast shaking. Lumber-core boards of MDF have where big density that allows them to hold the elements fixed in them reliably.
Environmental friendliness – essential factor at material selection. Asking question that it is better – chipboard or MDF for kitchen, it is necessary to consider, the first option absolutely not eco-friendly. Moreover, it is unsafe for health as the pitches which are used in the course of production are capable to emit formaldehyde – specific substance which has negative impact, first of all on airways and also on mucous membranes and skin of the person. In due time formaldehyde has been entered in the list of cancerogenic substances which can contribute to the development of such disease as cancer. It should be noted that because of high rate of environmental friendliness children’s furniture from MDF is enough highly appreciated.
Having dealt with interpretation what is MDF in furniture and other products and also advantages which favourably distinguish it from chipboard can seem that this material is ideal. And it practically so if not to take into account its high cost which often and becomes the main obstacle in way to its acquisition.
In most cases panels are on sale without final covering, and it also demands additional expenses. It is possible to buy of course sheets MDF already with covering, and it is possible and to deal with this issue independently. Anyway for those who care for health of the relatives it is low payment.
That it is better: laminated chipboard or MDF, and in what difference between these materials
Speaking about chipboard, anyway it is meant that everyone at least once heard about such material. However laminated chipboard abbreviation often confuses ordinary users. Actually it is the same wood chipboard, only with the additional laminated covering. In due time such technology has allowed to improve initial characteristics of chipboard and to broaden the sphere of use of this material.
So, laminated chipboard is much less subject to mechanical damages, thanks to additional protective layer. Besides to buy already ready plate practically will be much cheaper than any color. However as for moisture resistance, concedes in this question laminated chipboard to MDF and makes impossible its use in bathrooms. For the same reason there is also no question that it is better for kitchen: medium density fibreboard or laminated chipboard.
Relevant is also problem of environmental friendliness of laminated chipboard. Despite all attempts to reduce amount of the contained formaldehyde, some probability to meet fake nevertheless remains. For this reason it is worth paying special attention to studying of certificates which are attached to each party of product. Thus, we come to conclusion again that in question that it is better (MDF or laminated chipboard) just for decoration and finishings of the house, the answer unambiguously in favor of the first option especially as it is always possible to buy the plates laminated by MDF.
How to choose and buy the MDF panels for walls, floor, ceiling or furniture
How you are going to use the panel acquired by MDF, it is necessary to take its different characteristics into account and in specific cases to be guided by the most important indicators.
So, the colored MDF panels it is better other will be suitable for production of kitchen furniture. They possess the moisture raised by resistance to influence and therefore do not spoil as a result of continuous contact with water.
However for finishing of the bathroom of it will be insufficiently. In this case it is better to give preference to material with the increased moisture resistance to which achievement bilateral lamination is applied. It will allow to protect the panel not only from external, but also inside.
If you plan any finishing work on furniture facade, then veneered material will be suitable for this purpose. And here if it is about need of finishing of the big area, then it is quite possible to use also normal tiled.
As for producers, it is possible to receive desirable quality if on packaging the European manufacturing country appears. Sweden, Germany, Poland. And here the Chinese products though will cost cheaper, however will hardly please with the due durability and moisture resistance.
Helpful advice! Wishing to find these or those original products in the Internet, try to avoid intermediaries who resell products bought directly from the producer.
But to whatever producer you have given preference, surely perform external inspection of goods before to get it. The same rules will work and if you need to get the MDF frame profile.
The procedure of survey is carried out on the following items:
- be convinced that the smooth surface and has no chips;
- check the panel to the touch: the surface has to be smooth, deepenings or hillocks are inadmissible as they can become the panel strength reduction reason;
- MDF plate should not have any smell;
- all panels have to have identical color;
- also pay attention to indicator which characterizes extent of swelling of material as a result of contact with moisture. Normal value it is considered to be indicator in 17%.
Also, before buying the MDF wall panels, pay attention that they can have different thickness. Thin considerably simplify work as have smaller weight and do not take a lot of place during storage. However they rather brittle so can break from careless handling in the course of work. Tolstoy it is much stronger and more reliable, however it is not recommended to use them for finishing of too small rooms, they will occupy already valuable space.
How to fix panel MDF to wall and ceiling the hands
Even if earlier you did not work with similar material, to understand independently how to fix the MDF panels to wall or ceiling it is quite possible. And first of all it is necessary to prepare tools and materials. This list includes simple pencil, corner for marking of right angle, the construction level, hacksaw, the perforator, the screw driver or the hammer, dowel and screws.
Work begins with cleaning of surface on which fastening will be made. It needs to be cleaned from dust and dirt carefully. Besides it is necessary to perform careful inspection regarding availability of fungi and mold.
If you are required to make ceiling from MDF of panels with own hands, then will be necessary as the directing profiles, and suspension, plus wooden bars which will play role of cross frame members. If it is about fastening of MDF of panels to wall, then will be plain bars from tree or special plastic furring enough.
Helpful advice! In order that process of fastening took place more simply, it is recommended to use clip-on earrings. It will allow you to fix on furring of part of covering and in general will significantly facilitate task.
The most important – is true to make marking under furring which will allow to fix further all elements precisely. As it is correct to make it, it is possible to see on photo of ceilings from MDF of panels. At this stage it is important to consider that the distance between the fixed panels and the real ceiling has to be sufficient that in it lamps and also other communications were placed.
Mounting of the MDF wall panels also begins with place marking where the first level of furring will be attached (does not matter vertical or horizontal). Maintaining necessary distance, all elements of furring fasten, and mounting wall begins after that MDF of panels. They are fixed rather just by means of clip-on earrings or self-tapping screws.
Helpful advice! The qualitative and certified products can be found on the official site “Union”. The MDF wall panels of their production is highly appreciated because of the compliance to all requirements and norms.
It is impossible to tell that mounting of the MDF panels on wall the hands is difficult process. It is rather it monotonous and requiring the high accuracy of calculations and constant attention.
Table-top and apron from MDF for kitchen: to buy or is not necessary
The MDF plate for arrangement of kitchen enjoys wide popularity. Its technical characteristics considerably exceed any other materials of this group, and therefore allow it to contact to water almost fearlessly. Among the most widespread options it is possible to meet table-tops for kitchen from medium density fibreboard and also kitchen aprons.
It is worth buying apron for kitchen from medium density fibreboard also because the variety of design decisions does not concede to any other material, and here degree of environmental friendliness and resistance to different external factors pleasantly pleases. There are most different options of coloring, including those which imitate the surfaces, for example, of the MDF panel under stone meet.
Besides, if to buy MDF profile for frame facades, then it is possible to decorate furniture at own will. The MDF profile for frame facades costs not much, and here opportunities which it opens – are extremely big.
How independently to paint panel MDF for kitchen
As it was already mentioned, such plates perfectly are suitable for kitchen furniture and are often used as alternative to plastic. And of course it is possible to buy kitchen from MDF with photo printing if finance does not limit you. However it is possible to use also what already is, having painted MDF that color which you want.
Let’s consider algorithm of actions in this case:
- the surface shall be carefully cleaned, washed up;
- after that it is necessary to wipe it with solvent;
- put two layers of primer with break for drying;
Helpful advice! Today construction supermarkets offer huge amount of the most various primers, however it is better to choose that which will approach on color.
- by means of brush or barrel apply coat of paint on surface. It is also possible to use paint spray gun: will be of it more expensive, however and the result will be much better;
- after drying of paint it is possible to put varnish coat which will add to product gloss and also will perform protective function.
Helpful advice! It is better to put several coats of paint step by step. Thus color will be more saturated and uniform.
As for the applied materials, here specialists give the following advice:
- it is the best of all to choose primer polyurethane water-based. So you will be able to hide structure of plate as much as possible. Besides it is more preferable if it is in barrel;
- for coloring it is possible to use the acrylic paint or special polyurethane enamel intended for MDF. One of the main advantages of the second option – lack of smell;
- for finishing covering polyurethane varnish is also used. You can choose glossy or opaque depending on own preferences.
Following these simple rules of the choice and also to drawing coverings on MDF, you will be able to receive surface which will differ in nothing from the expensive purchased panel. And you will need only to understand how to fix the medium density fibreboard panels.
Of course, disputes on what is better, plastic or MDF what kitchen or furniture will longer serve in these or those conditions will never stop. It is possible to adduce arguments in favor of this or that option, however with confidence it is possible to tell that MDF takes the place absolutely deservedly. Its technical characteristics in combination with esthetic exterior can become excellent basis for performance of different works, and that number for production of furniture and finishing of rooms.