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Speaking about garden paths, we imagine the twisting paths winding between beds and trees. They are laid out from natural stone or graveled, at the edges decorated by narrow curbs or low plants. Such paths, undoubtedly, are beautiful, but strong, rather wide roads on which the garden equipment or the privately owned vehicle of owners can pass occasionally are required. And here we remember the road plates capable to sustain big weight thanks to production material – steel concrete.
Where do use road plates?
Basic purpose of concrete products – road construction for journey of heavy machinery. Competently laid road plates are capable to sustain huge loading. This property is used for the device of access roads to buildings, the enterprises, hard-to-reach spots in the remote area. That the road was more equal, and plates are reliably recorded and protected, from above stack asphalt layer.
One of advantages of concrete products – their reuse, of course, on condition of preservation of their main technical characteristics. Dismantling of temporary roads and construction from old plates of new ways leads to significant economy of means. Reception of secondary application is successfully used on buildings where from the first day of works reliable and strong access roads are necessary. The plates which were in the use are not so good as new, but they quite suit for creation of temporary roads.
One of advantages of road products – possibility of fast laying without long preparation. It is possible to dismantle the served road surfacing also quickly and easily. By means of special equipment of product collect and transport on the new place where from them during short term create the new road, the parking and access road.
The only lack of road plates concerns features of mounting. When laying there are seams which increase over time and can serve as cause of infringement of road surfacing. In other words, on the road holes appear. It can be avoided if to watch condition of transport ways and to timely close up the formed slots concrete solution.
There is question: whether road concrete products material for the device of roads on the country site can become? It appears, it is rather widespread practice, and road plates use both for temporary access roads, and for design upclassing of the seasonal dacha. Let’s consider in more detail one of versions of the device of path in the country territory.
Construction of garden path: detailed instruction
If on the country site it is necessary to lay quickly convenient path, for example, for entrance to septic tank or the well, often resort to laying of road plates. They are applied as temporary covering, but occasionally the construction turns out so functional and esthetically attractive that turns into the constant road which is not subject to replacement. The strong, smooth surface which does not have accumulations of water after rain – great option for journey on the car or pedestrian movement.
We plan the direction and the sizes
Connecting country objects by means of transport ways, we choose their direction and form. Sometimes they are geometrically direct, but not each territory is suitable for such experiments. More often paths have smooth turns and small deviations from straight line. If the covering is expected the drive of transport, then it is better to avoid sharp turns.
Width directly depends on assignment of the road: optimum automobile covering of 2.3-2.5 m whereas for pedestrian track 0.8-1 m – width which is comfortable for walk together there are enough. Garden paths can be still already – up to 0.5 m.
We choose plates
It would seem from what to choose if the road plate is squared steel concrete flat article and unattractive gray color? It appears, it far not so. The enterprises which are engaged in production of steel concrete products offer such variety of forms and the sizes that you are involuntarily lost in rich assortment. Small and big products of triangular, square, diamond-shaped and even round shape are suitable for creation of paths of the most unusual design.
For ensuring movement on the seasonal dacha plates with impressive surface of corrugated type are good. Even in rainy weather they are safe for walking as do not slide at all.
Well figured products with the filler imitating mosaic ornaments and patterns look in natural environment. The surface of some of them reminds brick or tiled laying.
One of interesting options – construction of path from chipped plates. Pieces of the broken product stack in any order, but limit to brick border or stone. Between fragments there are big gaps which fill with pebble, crushed stone or just stamped sand. If to fill up them with fertile soil, and then to sow lawn grass or in small long-term flowers, very picturesque, romantic path will turn out.
We prepare the basis under laying
If to lay plates directly on soil, there will be no stability and reliability. That the path or site has found accurate, well-groomed look and functioned not one decade, it is necessary to arrange specially prepared trench.
We designate borders of net area and we cut off the turf. Then on “bed” of path we pull out superficial trench which depth is defined by structure of the soil. There are usually enough 20-30 cm, but the clayey ground demands more serious preparation therefore depth increases to half a meter.
To prevent the attack of weeds and washing away of sandy mix during rains, we will cover bottom of trench with geotextiles. The following layer – crushed stone: for pedestrian path it is enough 5-7 cm, for the highway or the parking – 10-12 cm. From above we fill up with sand, approximately 10-centimeter layer. More reliable is the charge in two steps (on 5 cm). Every time sand needs to be stamped diligently, in passing moistening it with water.
Attention! At material selection refuse bank sand – it easier and contains a lot of dust. The career version will be optimal variant.
For ramming it is better to use the vibrating plate, as a last resort, the self-made tool from small log with the handle in the form of crossbeam. In the course of consolidation of sandy pillow we level its surface, using level. Creating ideally smooth basis, we do not forget about bias for drain of rain waters. At the edges of automobile entrance it is possible to lay drain sewer trays.
We carry out laying of plates
Mounting of road plates can be carried out in three different ways:
- Dry laying – adjustment of products almost closely to each other with further charge of seams the moistened sand.
- Wet laying – use of cement slurry which connects products to sand-gravel pillow.
- Mounting of plates on the basis covered with dry mix of sand and cement. After finishing abundant moistening cement “grabs”, fixing products on sand-gravel bed.
We choose consecutive arrangement of plates. The construction cord tense along edge of trench will help to lay products more exactly. At first we display the first row entirely. Then in turn we lift each plate and we apply on sand base under them cement slurry. Densely we press plates, using board. That distances between elements were identical, between them it is inserted wooden boards 8-10 mm thick. Thus, we display plates on all length of the road.
The interval can be more – further we fill it with small stones, sand, pebble, crushed stone and we fill in with solution on which hardening leaves at least two days. If we fill up gaps with normal soil, then it is possible to make crops of seeds of herbs or flowers at once.
Attention! Plates for the parking or entrance recommend to connect, welding mounting loops among themselves (with use of iron fittings). Apply mass concrete to filling of intervals, and cover surface with asphalt.
As you can see, even from concrete products the convenient, functional, attractive garden path — the real decoration of the seasonal dacha can turn out.