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It is possible to learn features of such element of communications as pipe for draining of the sewerage from this article: its assignment, kinds of the existing products which can be got in shops, their characteristics and quotations. In the text specifics of drainings and the mounting hint of wastewater leader, including the instruction for dismantling of the old pipeline are described.
Pipe for draining of the sewerage: features of the existing products
The sewerage is one of the major communication systems connected with water supply of housing. For this reason it is very important to pay special attention to the choice of components, their quality, in particular, to outflow pipes.
Outflow pipes are applied to mounting of sewerage system of communications. Producers offer the wide range of these products differing from each other on material, functional characteristics and assignment.
Types of sewage pipes for the internal sewerage and external
Classification of the existing outflow pipes by production material:
- steel concrete;
To destination all these products are divided into two categories. External pipes are laid outside rooms whereas internal are intended for mounting of plumbing and sanitary in the room.
The outside systems of the sewerage are mounted outside the building or in the soil adjoining it.
As their operation is carried out in street conditions, such products have to have the improved properties:
- high strength;
- frost resistance;
- resistance to deformation changes;
- resilience to influence of hostile environment;
- resistance to impact of high pressure on walls.
Pay attention! For the organization of external drain system it is better to take the products made of the materials having high anticorrosive resistance. The painted metal, polymers and galvanized steel concerns them.
For the internal sewerage pipes from polymers are the most demanded. They have set of advantages:
- affordable price;
- long life cycle;
- simple system of mounting of the internal sewerage;
- resistance to corrosion;
- low indicator of thermal conductivity;
- resistance to influence alkaline and chemicals;
- extensive range of the sizes and forms;
- small weight;
Plastic sewerage: what pipes it is better to use in system
Different polymeric substances are applied to production of plastic pipes. This category of products includes elements from polyethylene (corrugated and smooth), polypropylene and low-pressure polyethylene. To define what of them most of all are suitable for mounting of strut of the sewerage, it is necessary to study features of each type of pipes.
Features of plastic pipes:
|Resistance to influence of chemicals|
Possibility of trenchless mounting
The increased durability of nodal connections
|High rate of flexibility|
Possibility of mounting at depth up to 20 m at the expense of the enhanced ring rigidity
Simple system of installation
Possibility of fast dismantling
|Pipes from low-pressure polyethylene||High resistance to damages of mechanical property|
Resistance to negative impact of environmental factors
The choice of pipes for the sewerage: sizes and prices of products
If the pipe for draining in the bathroom is required, then use of the rigid or corrugated products made of polypropylene will be appropriate. The recommended pipe diameter in this case makes 40 mm. If the room has no free area, it is possible to be limited to one knee. In the bathroom of the big size it is possible to place two knees.
For the organization of draining under toilet bowl it is better to buy pipe PVC for the sewerage. At the expense of the increased flexibility the system can be customized under any model of toilet bowl and it is convenient to attach it.
Helpful advice! Specialists advise to select pipes with thick walls. Such products will serve longer before are wiped.
For arrangement of draining from sink in the sewerage corrugated products are most often used. Use of diameters in 40 mm, 32 mm is allowed, and in certain cases this indicator can reach 50 mm. It depends on modification of sink and siphon.
System of standard dimensions of inside diameter:
|Size of inside diameter, mm||Scope of pipes|
|5-10||Drain element, the plumbers used for supply to the general system|
|10-11||Parts of drainings and struts|
|11-15||Elements of struts in multi-storey buildings|
|More than 15||Coupling pieces between the internal and general systems of the sewerage|
The special hose from corrugated material which is present at basic equipment of this equipment is applied to connection of draining of the washing machine to the sewerage. Connection is carried out through siphon and also for these purposes it is possible to use the fork located under washing.
As it is correct to connect the washing machine to the sewerage
Connection of the washing machine to the system of the internal sewerage and water supply system can be executed and independently. It is necessary to approach this procedure responsibly, depends on result whether the equipment correctly and trouble-free will work.
Connection of the washing machine in itself does not cause difficulties. Difficulties appear during the organization of draining. If the procedure is performed incorrectly, indoors, where the equipment is installed, the unpleasant smell can appear. Besides, there is risk of pollution of the machine the water arriving from other sanitary devices.
Helpful advice! For cutting of metal elements of the pipeline it is better to select hacksaw with small teeth. Such tool allows to minimize the probability of emergence of chips. The less teeths, the more accurately and more exactly cuts turn out.
Ways of the organization of draining:
- Due to installation of special siphon.
- By means of direct mounting of hose in the system of the sewerage.
- Having thrown hose too much bathtub or the wash basin.
The third way can be referred to category of temporary measures. In this case it will not be required to work with pipes and to be engaged in installation of siphon, but further operation of the bathroom or sink will be followed by certain inconveniences. The exhaust water from the machine will leave dirt marks on covering. Besides, the way of fixing of hose is not really reliable that it is fraught with flooding. Failure of hose happens during linen extraction because of strong vibration or at inclusion of pump for draining.
Features of the organization of draining for the washing machine in the sewerage
In the market of plumbing fixtures it is possible to get special purpose siphons for sinks, bathtubs and sinks. They have additional branch for connection of hose with a diameter of 22 mm. Process of connection by means of siphon not difficult, unlike the organization of draining of the washing machine directly in the sewerage. The matter is that pipes with a diameter of 32 or 50 mm are applied to the general system of the sewerage. At the same time there is no adapter capable to combine them with 22-millimeter hose.
For connection in this case it is necessary to use the rubber reduction having the adapter on hose in 22 mm. If the washing machine is located in close proximity to the general pipeline from diameters of 50 mm, it is possible to crash into system by means of the T-coupler.
If the equipment is far, between hose and branch it is possible to carry out polyvinyl chloride pipe with a diameter of 32 mm. To connect PVC product to the general system use of rubber reduction will also be required. At the same time it will not be required to place plastic pipe under inclination as, water drain in this case is carried out forcibly.
Pay attention! At some washing machines the hose intended for draining can have different diameters on the ends. From the unit its size is 19 mm. Diameter of the end which is connected directly to the pipeline is 22 mm. This nuance should be considered during operating time.
Before work it is necessary to make sure whether there is on draining of the machine check valve which is capable to pass water only in one direction. If it is absent, height level for placement of loop of hose should be looked in information from the producer. In this place it is necessary to create water trap that unpleasant smells from sewer pipe did not get to the room via the machine.
Connection of draining of the washing machine in the sewerage through siphon
The majority of modern washing machines automatic machines has the valve of the return draining therefore problems with connection of hose should not be. It will be required to connect only correctly end smooth branch pipe and rubber reduction. Fixing to additional withdrawal of siphon is in certain cases carried out. To exclude damages of rubber reduction before packaging in bell it it is necessary to grease by means of the liquid means intended for washing of ware. Thus, the element will be easier to be established in smooth branch pipe.
If for connection additional withdrawal of siphon is used, then will be to remove factory tube enough and on its place to execute mounting of branch pipe from hose. The special coupling is used to ensuring sealing. It will condense position of joint. The factory tube in siphon is intended only for maintaining operability of elements.
If length of standard hose for draining is not enough for insert performance, it is possible to execute increase due to addition of piece. For connection of these parts it is recommended to use unions. The insurance by means of steel collars will not prevent. The optimum size of these elements is 2.7х1.6 cm. On sale hoses of modular type for implementation of any requests concerning distance meet. These products are divided into fragments 50 cm long.
Pay attention! The hose will be longer, the it will be more difficult to the pump for the sewerage in the apartment to cope with water movement.
How to connect draining of the washing machine to the sewerage through water supply system
To water supply system to connect the washing machine much more simply, than directly to the sewerage. For this purpose the pipeline system with water supply has to be located at the unit. In addition, availability of shutoff valves will be required. It can have the form of the angular or direct screen.
On the hose intended for draining there is couple of nuts of clamping type. Therefore at shutoff valves and at the washing machine there has to be union having external thread for fixing of these nuts. Their operating diameter is ¾ inch. For this reason shutoff valves have to have thread of the similar size. To the same parameter there corresponds also the special crane unlike distributing of water supply which is much less. For such cases the reducing fitting is necessary.
Specificity and types of pumps for the sewerage in the apartment for kitchen
The pump for pumping has appearance of the plastic reservoir similar to toilet bowl tank. In it there are threaded holes which are used for connection of pipes.
Internal parts of the pump:
- automatic starting device;
The pump has the simple system of functioning. The water arriving from household appliances or from washing comes to the plastic reservoir. When capacity is filled, the switch equipped with float which starts the motor and knives grinders works if those are present. The crushed garbage remains together with water are banished through the filtering system, and then under pressure of pressure get to the sewerage.
There are several kinds of the sewage pumps for kitchen differing among themselves in assignment and characteristics:
- sanitary (the simplest devices under sink);
- stations of the forced sewerage;
Sanitary pumps are not capable to take away hot water and most often have no knives. Their working temperature is only 35-40 ºС. For kitchen it is better to take stations of the forced sewerage which cope with large volumes of liquid, perfectly crush organic waste materials and have high power. Stationary devices will be suitable for mounting in the storeroom, however, they seldom are used in the conditions of the apartment.
Installation of the pump for pumping of the sewerage in house conditions
Mounting of deposit under sink is carried out in the following order:
- The by-pass tube is disconnected from sink.
- On washing over rubber gasket mounting fastening which is in basic equipment of the pump is established.
- Case part of the device connects to washing drain by means of polypropylene pipes.
- By means of plastic pipes connection between exit of the central sewerage system and pump housing forms.
- Connection of the device to the power supply network.
Pay attention! Combination of several pumps in one network is not allowed.
Installation of the pressure head pump is possible also in other places. Open areas of the room, niche or the lockers located under washing can be for this purpose used. At the same time for placement of pipes it is possible to choose slanting or vertical position, liquid will flow by gravity.
How to clean the hands the sewerage in the apartment or in owner-occupied dwelling
Most often in apartments there are blockages of local character. It is possible to get rid of them independently, without resorting to the help of specialists. But if the hammered main pipe became source of problem, not to do without participation of community services, effects can be serious. With owner-occupied dwellings it is much simpler as there is no risk of flooding of neighbors by floors below.
How to clean the sewerage in owner-occupied dwelling or in the apartment:
- In the chemical way.
- By means of mechanical influence.
- Hydrodynamic method.
The chemical way of elimination of blockage means use of specialized means on the basis of acid or alkali. Products of such trademarks as Domestos, Tiret, etc. belong to them. Before application it is necessary to check for compatibility with material of pipes.
If chemicals do not help, it is necessary to use the plunger which will allow to remove blockage mechanically. In the presence of firm subject or rag the plunger will not help with the pipeline. In this case the sanitary rope will be required. It is made of metal and is capable to pick up the got stuck subject. Before its application it is necessary to remove siphon. Hydrodynamic cleaning is used when other methods. The specialist has to be engaged in its performance.
From the listed types of pipes plastic products are considered as the most practical. If elements for the pipeline are picked up correctly, the system is capable to serve throughout long term.