Table of Contents
In article technical characteristics of such finishing material as the PVC panels are in detail described: the sizes and features of the products intended for mounting on walls and ceilings of rooms, differences between them, the general properties of materials. It is possible to learn nuances of the choice of plastic lamels for kitchen and the bathroom, feature of their use, formula of predesigns from article.
PVC panels: sizes and general material properties
Polyvinylchloride panels (PVC) despite rather recent emergence in the market could already win attention of consumers, especially those who are going to carry out independently repair in the house.
Such popularity of material is caused by many factors:
- favorable technical and utilization properties;
- the extensive range (the products of different type differing from each other on coloring, quality, the invoice, cost);
- to the simple system of mounting.
Thanks to the extensive choice of the sizes of the PVC plastic panels, this kind of finishing is considered universal. In assortment it is possible to pick up the products intended for walls and ceilings and also panels which are suitable for finishing of rooms of certain type.
Helpful advice! Not to make mistake with the finishing choice, decide on design of the room in advance and also on dimensional parameters of lamels.
General views and the sizes of the PVC panels for ceilings and walls
The modern range of the products offered by the market can conditionally be distributed between several groups.
- polyvinylchloride panels of tiled type;
- sheet products.
In each of groups there are differences between the PVC plastic panels: sizes, prices, rigidity level, weight. Dimensional and other parameters of lamels depend on group in which they are included. It can have impact on design of bathroom, kitchens or the bathroom and also on the finishing work assuming processing of ceiling or walls in other rooms.
Standard parameter of thickness of lamels is in limits of 0.5-1 cm. It is very important to consider this indicator if purchase of molding is supposed. The molding represents the ornamental strip of laid on type used as the completing element and ornament in interior.
If to speak about the PVC wall panels, the sizes of these materials allow to distribute products between two groups. One of them turns on panels which thickness is 0.5 cm. Lamels with thickness within 0.8-1 cm are enlisted in the second group. Despite so extensive scope, for panels moldings in uniform universal size are made of the second group.
It is not difficult to buy the PVC ceiling panel long 3 meters today as this size is included in standard line of parameters.
Out-to-out measures of polyvinylchloride panels (standard):
|Product type||Standard width, m||Standard length, m|
Kinds of panels as connection
The lamels presented at the market from polyvinylchloride for finishing of walls and ceilings can have the different nature of connection.
Making a start from it, the range of panels can be separated into several groups:
- products with relief surface;
- the products having facet.
Plastic panels of seamless type are in most cases used to finishing of ceiling surface. As a result of mounting of product are located very densely to each other at the expense of what the size of seams is minimum. On condition of respect for technology it is possible to achieve effect at which the joint link between the next elements will almost not be visible.
Pay attention! Lamels from polyvinylchloride negatively react to impact of temperature differences. As a result of such influence finishing is exposed to deformation changes. At the same time changes affect not only form, but also the sizes of the PVC ceiling panels. It is necessary to select for this reason carefully material in the market and to pay attention to its cost, quality and external state.
Panels with connection in the form of facet have a lot of similar to seamless lamels. The only difference is just presence of this facet at edge part of product. The dummy joint represents the decorative deepening used for connection of the PVC panels in uniform cloth. Lamels with facet or as they are called still by rustic panels, can be used both for finishing of walls, and for ceilings.
Rectangular products with relief surface are more suitable for mounting for walls. On external characteristics they have similar lines with lining. Relief finishing is allocated against the background of the PVC other panels with high rates of durability and firmness for wear. However it affects also the price which considerably increases.
Options of the sizes of the PVC panels for walls and characteristic of products
To buy material with the corresponding technical and operational parameters it is necessary to understand, than products of ceiling type differ from wall. The matter is that the sizes and the prices of the PVC panels are not key indicator, as well as exterior.
As a rule, finishing from plastic for the ceiling basis is much thinner wall, its thickness fluctuates within 4-5 mm. This moment is caused by the fact that the products intended for mounting on walls at operation will be exposed to higher mechanical loadings. Therefore they have to possess large supply of durability, firmness and, of course, have to be more fat.
To provide the increased durability of wall panels, producers increase amount of material in one product. Increase in weight of the panel turns out to be consequence of it. Therefore finishing of walls differs from ceiling lamels also on weight.
Standard width of panels is equal to 25-30 cm. In length they can reach 6 m and have thickness from 6 mm to 1 cm.
Characteristic and dimensional parameters sandwich panels
Sandwich of the panel are quite often applied to carrying out finishing work on walls. And the high price of these products does not stop buyers. They look elegantly and combine such advantages as mechanical strength and high quality.
Helpful advice! Sandwich of the panel can be used for registration of such difficult sites as slopes. This type of material is simply irreplaceable at construction of partitions.
The dimensional ruler sandwich of panels is very extensive, but standard dimensions where length is 3 m also occur among the range, and width of the PVC panels for walls varies in such values: 0.9; 1.15 and 1.5 m. At the same time products can have different thickness – 1; 2.4; 3.2 and 4 cm.
The high resistance PVC sandwich panels is the most significant advantage of this finishing. The term of operation is not less than 20 years. Certainly, for the term of effective service the rate of exploitation and external conditions has impact.
Characteristic of the PVC wall panels: sheet decorative products
Sheet finishing material from polyvinylchloride represents plates which width is 0.5-2.3 m. Length of the majority of products is in range from 1.5 to 4.05 m. The minimum thickness of sheet panels is 1 mm, and maximum – 30 mm.
Thanks to such big sizes of sheets PVC, this finishing material is most often applied to decoration of the walls as it demands the minimum efforts when mounting and one element covers significant area. Therefore sheet panels are in the increased demand for buyers who want to execute repair by the hands.
Sheet products can have volume relief surface and offer the extensive choice of design, imitations are most often used under:
Pay attention! The most widespread sizes of sheet panels are: 980х480 mm, 955х480 mm, 980х498 mm. In the table placed below it is possible to get acquainted with average quotations on the panel of these sizes. As example products of StarLine 4 mm thick are considered.
These panels are convenient in storage at the expense of the small sizes, are simple in mounting, are durable. They possess high rate of resistance to moisture and very quickly are established on walls.
Characteristic of decorative sheet panels: mosaic products
The PVC panels of decorative assignment imitating mosaic have very simple system of mounting. For work with them special knowledge and skills therefore by means of this material any person can execute wall decoration are not required. At the same time the PVC decorative panels look not worse than tiled or ceramic tile.
In the course of mounting of the PVC decorative panels of 485х960 mm and other sizes construction waste or dust as it usually happens to ceramic tile is not formed, and the procedure does not need use of additional tools, for example, of tile cutter. Life cycle of similar covering makes not less than 10 years, and its minimum thickness is equal to 1 mm that opens ample opportunities in respect of design.
Standard dimensions of the PVC decorative panels mosaic: 485х960 mm, 480х950 mm, 480х955 mm. There are also other variations, but they are less widespread and are usually made to order.
Features of the PVC panels for ceilings: sizes of products
Unlike wall products, ceiling panels have the facilitated weight. Taking into account that strength characteristics are not so important for ceiling finishing, producers have put the main emphasis on the maximum simplification of lamels and creation of various options of design.
Pay attention! Finishing material for ceilings is more fragile. In the course of facing it is necessary to observe the maximum accuracy.
To save money on material purchase, it is necessary to select panels taking into account dimensional parameters of the room. At the same time it is desirable to achieve optimum indicator at which after installation process there will be minimum quantity of construction debris (scraps).
If width of the ceiling basis indoors is 2 m, then as finishing unit it will be most favorable to buy the PVC ceiling panel long 4 meters. In the course of installation such panels are cut in half. Thus, the quantity of lamels which after cutting get length 2 m doubles. The same way it is possible to arrive also from three meter panels provided that width of ceilings is 1.5 m.
Before purchase of material it is necessary to execute predesign of necessary quantity. As example it is possible to take the bathroom with the parameters of 1.5х1.7 m. It is reasonable to take in this case the PVC panels for the bathroom of 0.25х3 m in size. Taking into account the aforesaid of lamel will be cut in half.
Formula of calculation of facing for the bathroom:
- 1.7 m (room length) / 0.25 m (lamel width) x 0.5 (coefficient of cutting of lamels in two) = 3.4 lamels.
The received result needs to be rounded to the whole numerical value. In this case it will be equal to 4. So many PVC panels will be required for facing of the ceiling basis in the bathroom.
Main types of the PVC ceiling panels, sizes
Standard thickness of ceiling panels is 8-10 mm. These parameters have formed the basis of creation of moldings which are selected taking into account the size of lamels.
Pay attention! It is possible to find ceiling finishing from PVC 4-5 mm thick in sale and even 12 mm. However the choice of suitable moldings in this case will be extremely complicated.
Types of moldings:
- ceiling plinth;
- starting or edging;
- internal angular;
- outside angular.
On basis of design allocate the following kinds of ceiling lamels from PVC:
- Eurolining – long panels with wide key system. Standard width is 10 cm, length – 3 m.
- The Pole – lamels 3 m long and 10 cm wide with narrow key system.
- The strengthened lining – distinguishes it from standard panels availability of double profile and also dimensional parameters. In this case Width corresponds to 12.5 cm, and length remains invariable – 3 m.
- Plate – the panels of square shape which do not have castle system.
- Expanded panels – width of these elements is in limits of 15-50 cm, and length can correspond to the following parameters – 2.6 m / 2.7 m / 3 m.
- Sheet panels – the sheet material which does not have castle system. On width sheet elements can reach 0.8-2.03 m, their standard length is in limits of 1.5-4.05 m.
Lining can have several sections. At sale there are single-section, two-section and three-section products with different registration.
The choice of PVC of panels for kitchen: specifics of application
Most often polyvinylchloride panels are used for finishing of kitchens and other rooms which operation is followed by the increased humidity level.
To such finishing materials special requirements to which there conform the PVC panels are made:
- ecological security;
- resistance to wear and influence of moisture;
- attractive exterior;
- chemical durability;
- fire safety.
Pay attention! For production of sheet panels moisture resistant and very strong food plastic is used. On surface of products there is no time thanks to what fungi and microorganisms, including mold, cannot breed on covering.
If to speak about rack panels for kitchen, then, as a rule, such elements have monophonic coloring. It is impossible to find lamels with imitation under natural stone or brickwork. It is only reasonable to get rack option of covering if there is a wish to find the budgetary alternative to ceramic tile for kitchen.
Decorative panels are recommended to be used for partial finishing of wall or processing of zone of apron. The mosaic products offering the extensive choice of ornaments and coloring will become the most favorable and effective option.
There are modular versions of tiled panels. Their structure allows to create independently the mosaic drawing, to combine patterns or to make of them the whole images. Modular panels especially favourably look in the combined rooms of the dining room and kitchen.
Sheet products belong to discharge of universal materials, they are suitable both for partial (work area), and for full finishing of the room.