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Plain surfaces of pavements and the areas in the cities, glossy walls of bathrooms, strong floor and traditional “apron” in kitchen – all this would be impossible without tile, reliable and practical construction material. She perfectly postpones atmospheric street cataclysms, and in the house serves as traditional element of decor. We have got used that ceramic, sidewalk and tiled products, nevertheless, even they serve subject decades to wear and different damages.
Work with tile demands certain skill, experience and skill, the professional can lay and repair it with ease. And whether construction cunnings are available to the ordinary person wishing to make the hands replacement or partial repair of tiled covering in the house? At least, such opportunities will save the considerable sum, besides the beneficial effect will bring also moral satisfaction.
Problems with tile: whether it is possible to avoid them?
Until recently admired result of repair in the bathroom, and today part of tiles has fallen off, and have some more burst – the picture familiar to much. Let’s try to understand what mistakes were made by working or owners of the apartment, and for example we will take the wall covered with tile and which is subject to repair.
The most part of the reasons is hidden in the course of laying, we will call the main of them:
- insufficient initial processing of walls;
- the violation of technology of laying involving gradual clinking and chips;
- incorrectly prepared tiled glue;
- non-compliance with tightness of tiled covering (low-quality processing of seams) in this connection the glue basis collapses.
There are also other adverse reasons affecting fast wear of material. For example, the paving slabs constantly are exposed to change of temperatures, moisture influence, experience the increased strain – not surprisingly that some of its elements become useless over time and are subject to replacement.
It is possible to avoid repair only when a number of rules on laying, operation and careful leaving is observed.
Types of repair of tile and ceramics
What only metamorphoses do not happen to beautiful glossy or frost coating during service. It becomes covered by greasy spots and stains, there is network of cracks, tiles break up on corners, and even fly away. Sometimes on site once beautifully issued seams there are black failures, and under the removed lockers there are hidden openings for fastenings. Let’s consider several types of repair work which can be conducted independently by means of improvised tools.
Masking of cracks and chips
Happens so that one big crack or scratch spoils all picture, especially it is noticeable on opaque monophonic surface. The easiest to dismantle the damaged element and to replace it new, spare. But what to do if there is no tile left after laying, and in shop the goods of the necessary series have ended? Let’s try to do without cardinal changes, and just to make crack hardly noticeable.
We act according to the plan:
- We prepare simple material – cement with water and we do of it solution, but not dense, more usual, but rather liquid. Other components do not need to be added.
- If scratch superficial, we cover with the received liquid it and we try to rub solution in crack (it is possible to use fabric piece). After drying we add the next portion of solution and again we rub – so until until deepening disappears.
- If the processed place is allocated against the background of other surface, we select paint of the necessary shade and it is carefully applied on it, trying not to leave for borders. In hardware stores there is useful service — possibility of selection and production of paint of necessary color.
Gluing of the disappeared tile
Quite often it happens that one element disappears, but rather often violation of tightness of covering leads total unsticking on “domino effect” — tiles begin to separate from wall one by one one by one or the whole layers. If the surface is not damaged and the product has kept the integrity, there is chance without problems to set up it into place.
Before placement operations it is necessary to make dismantling of unstable elements, that is to accurately separate all tiles which partially depart from wall or shake when pressing.
Important stage – preparation of wall, basis for laying. Pieces of old glue solution it is necessary to remove and smooth out completely surface as it is possible more carefully. Dust, cement grains, any pollution will interfere with coupling. After cleaning we moisten surface of the basis with water.
Updating of intertiled seams
What types of solution or glue use for fastening of tile to wall:
- Special tiled glue: dry mixes are on sale in shop in good selection.
- Cement solution – not rather effective remedy, we use it as a last resort.
- Sealant on silicone basis. Substance of white color has suitable properties.
- Liquid glass (or liquid nails).
- Zinc white. They are applied on the basis, pretreated with drying oil.
It is necessary to remember that because of thick layer of glue structure again laid tile will act over other surface. That it has not occurred, the place of putting glue needs to be deepened on several millimeters. The toothed palette – the main tool of the tiler – is necessary for uniform leveling of glue solution.
Laying of new tile
Let’s assume, the old tile has finally become useless, but there is opportunity to replace it similar. In this case exit one – it is accurate to remove the damaged elements, and on their place to paste new.
Not to spoil the next, good tiles, for a start we take the palette or thin drill and we clean seams. Then in the necessary element we drill openings, as a result it breaks up into several pieces which are much easier for removing with chisel. We do not make strong efforts that the flying-away splinters have not touched the next elements.
Carefully we smooth out the place in which there was old tile, we process the basis primer – for the best coupling. We look how many it is necessary gluing that the new element was equal to the others and did not act forward. We impose the palette glue and we try as it is possible to establish more exactly tile in the prepared slot. Until glue has dried up, there is time to improve its situation if it is laid irregularly. We wait until glue dries finally, and only then we process seams.
Updating of intertiled seams
When using low-quality finish it collapses over time, disappears, and between tiles ugly gaps appear. Besides, indoors with high rates of humidity, for example, in the bathroom, quite often in the field of intertiled seams the black mold appears. It is possible to work differently: or completely to replace finish, or to partially repair only affected places.
The first way is applied when it is required to update rather big site. The new finish will create homogeneous covering, and there will be no areas differing in color. At partial repair it is quite possible that the part processed by new material will differ from other surface.
Following operating procedure: at first we delete old finish, trying not to damage tile, then we put new. During removal we apply sharp object which it is convenient to clean seams. The tool, safe for tile, is any sharpened subject executed from tree.
Return of gloss to tile
The surface ceramic and tile is rather steady against pollution and chemical influence therefore for a long time looks literally brilliantly. To improve its exterior and to return luster, it is enough to wipe with wet rag with special cleaning agent.
But sometimes there is a wish to change cardinally interior, for example, to change color of walls. For this purpose we apply usual way – painting. The glossy surface of every color before coloring is ground by small abrasive paper, we degrease special means (on the basis of acetone) and we ground that paint kept better. Only after number of preparatory work we take paint and we apply it accurately by means of the roller.
In this way it is possible to paint not all wall, but selective elements and also to create patterns and ornaments directly on old tile. Result – absolutely new walls without construction intervention.
Before to call specialists or to plan full replacement of tile, look: perhaps, having made small efforts, you will independently correct some damages, and major repair will not be required.