Table of Contents
Repair of kitchen — the most popular place in the house — demands especially attentive approach to material selection. It is not enough to pick up the finishing corresponding to color preferences, it is important to consider specifics of this room. The increased humidity, possibility of pollution, temperature drop dictate the requirements to the used materials.
It is known that most of all in kitchen from our culinary efforts walls undergo. Therefore in anticipation of repair, stocking up with everything for it necessary, it is necessary to choose such finishing for walls which possesses large-scale of moisture resistance and wear resistance. She has to transfer quietly operating conditions of this room, without losing at the same time engineering and decorative properties. Having esthetic exterior, material has to resist successfully to corrosive medium in the form of differences of humidity and temperatures, steam, splashes of hot water and fat. At the same time simplicity of leaving and hygiene has considerable value. It is necessary to choose material which does not absorb pollution. They have to leave without problems from surface.
Let’s consider both the most demanded and well-known, and rather new materials for finishing of walls of kitchen.
Wall-paper — quite appropriate option for kitchen, but, certainly, not paper. Interlining, wall-paper under painting or cullets approach vinyl. Important selection criterion – vapor permeability since the constant humidity promotes emergence under fungus wall-paper. Besides it is recommended to buy materials of the increased density.
For kitchen the washing wall-paper, vinyl or duplex with latex covering, moisture resistant is good. The resistance to pollution by the last is given by protective transparent plastic film. They can be wiped with wet sponge. About 20 such “cleaning” will keep material without loss of external attractiveness.
The excellent wear resistance is inherent in vinyl wall coverings. As protection against light, moisture and mechanical influences serves the PVC layer. The external layer can imitate fabric, wood, natural stone, marble, etc. Such finishing has also shortcoming – air tightness. Though, the leading producers release wall-paper with micropores. They are developed in such a way that when washing moisture does not get inside, under wall-paper, but condensate can quietly evaporate from under them.
Wall-paper under painting perfectly is suitable for kitchen walls. It is the material with relief structure which does not have the put drawing. It is possible to coat such wall-paper repeatedly that very conveniently. It is not necessary to be engaged in pasting again to change color of walls. There are three views: paper, interlining and cullets. They differ in high strength, wear resistance, water resistance and long life cycle.
The set of versions of invoices, density and qualities, other, attractive to the consumer, as well as possible are suitable for use when finishing walls of kitchen. So, for example, cullets are capable to maintain repeated washing and numerous putting water dispersive paint (till 12-15 times). To advantages the feature to mask insignificant defects of surface by means of such materials is added.
Registering kitchen, quite often wall-paper combines with other materials. Perfectly the combination to tile, artificial stone, plaster or plastic panels looks. Having oriented in the preferences concerning the invoice and properties of wall-paper, it is necessary to decide on their color. Here huge set of options. It is possible to pick up wall-paper with the simple drawing or monophonic, and it is possible to work different combinations of flowers and shades, having given scope of the imagination and to imagination.
Practical recommendations of designers
- Originally the interior at which registration fragments of wall-paper with the bright drawing or contrast wall-paper are used looks. Such course allows “to dilute” several monotone of interior of kitchen, for example, with colourful strips, flowers or graphic prints.
- It is necessary to apply bright inserts when the kitchen is arranged with laconic furniture, for example, of white color, with smooth facades and minimum of accessories.
- If attract contrast wall-paper, then as option, it is possible to designate by them certain zone (lunch or working). And if large images are pleasant, then it is desirable to issue such wall-paper only one wall.
- Using colourful wall-paper for finishing of walls, it is possible to muffle a little feeling of diversity if to make monophonic the lower part of wall.
- The interior where color of accessories of set and the drawing of wall-paper match is well visually perceived.
- Adequately and originally wall-paper which drawing imitates different invoices (fabric, stone, tile, bamboo, wood, etc.) look. Application of such finishing attracts to kitchen with the fact that it costs much cheaper original materials.
- Photowall-paper quite rare way of registration of kitchen, but with their help it is possible to create amazing illusion and to visually expand room space. When using photowall-paper it is necessary to conform to the rule – both walls, and kitchen furniture have to be quiet tones.
- In addition to finishing of walls, by means of wall-paper for kitchen it is possible to make beautiful apron over work area. The excellent result is received, using the enlarged images of flowers, fruit, various landscapes or still lifes. To protect wall-paper from influence of fat and water, they are covered with glass that also adds originality.
Facing by ceramic tile
Ceramic tile, perhaps, the most practical option of finishing for kitchen. To such facing fire, water or the heated oil are not terrible, it is not destroyed by influence of cleansers. Material is eco-friendly and durable. Wear resistance and durability, simplicity of leaving – those qualities which the tile is appreciated.
The ceramics for walls shall not have high strength, considering that heavy mechanical loads on it are absent. More important resistance to chemicals and smooth surface. The tile of the different size, style, color and texture is issued. It can be with pattern, photo or the drawing in one color gamma. The decorative panel or mosaic will become worthy decoration of kitchen.
The modern ceramic tile can imitate set of different materials. Very effectively the tile under tree or skin looks. Richly and presentably the ceramics imitating skin of crocodile since the relief is executed faultlessly looks. Not less interesting and stylish option – tile under metal. Can look as precious metal (gold, bronze, silver) or iron, copper. Conceding in cost to natural materials, such imitation often exceeds the original.
There are even tile collections under wall-paper which recreates such way of pasting at which different types of wall-paper (from above and from below) are separated by means of horizontal border. The invoice of “wallpaper” ceramics can be different: imitation of fabric, textile covering or equipment decoupage. By means of such materials it is possible to realize any interior intentions.
Usually revet only work area of kitchen, the area about washing or plate, and other surface of walls gets off with any other material, for example, with paint, wall-paper, etc. The room which is completely revetted with tile seems cold and uncomfortable.
It is necessary to stack tile on the plain surface which is carefully prepared. Strict observance of horizontal position of the stacked ranks, and from the very beginning is important. In the return case, will occur so that the accruing error will break vertical lines of facing.
We paint walls
Paint – remarkable finishing material: it is easy to apply it, it effectively looks on walls, care of the painted surface does not represent any difficulties. If desired to change color gamma of interior there are also no particular problems.
For application in this room aqueous emulsion inks are considered as the best. In them there are no solvents owing to what they do not constitute health hazard of the person. Thanks to water basis, the painted surface dries quickly enough. The turned-out layer provides permanent protection against moisture.
For finishing of kitchens glossy structures since such materials promote formation of plain surface which does not absorb dirt are recommended, so, it is simple to look after her. But in it there are shortcomings: on glossy covering roughnesses of the basis are more clearly visible. Successfully opaque paint masks defects. The semi-gloss or semi-gloss structure is considered optimal variant.
The color gamma actually is limited to nothing. It is possible to get color of the necessary color for aqueous emulsion ink, and, mixing, to achieve the necessary shade. The covering is applied on clean, equal and dry basis, without greasy spots or residues of glue. Previously the surface is smoothed out small abrasive paper, eliminating any roughnesses, then apply primer. Paint is applied in several layers. The painted surface “breathes” since material has vapor permeability and air permeability. In general, such covering demands ideal preparation of the basis. Only in this case it is possible to receive qualitative and stylish result.
On abrasion and water resistance the latex acrylic paint has high strength. It is often applied in rooms with the increased humidity, respectively, perfectly is suitable for registration of interior of kitchen.
The combined finishing
In most cases at registration the combination of several finishing materials is used. If the work area is revetted with tile, then walls can be sheathed by lining (plastic or wooden). Or the kitchen apron is trimmed with glass or plastic panels, and walls paste over with suitable wall-paper. Well the lunch zone where as finishing bamboo wall-paper or natural (artificial) stone are used looks. Effectively the kitchen with the decorative plaster applied on walls looks.
Councils for design of kitchen walls
Creating any style of kitchen, it is necessary to consider that the more in it than expressivity and vanguard, the perspective is closer to get out of fashion. Perhaps color registration of this room in the same color gamma, as all other interior. We accept option when for walls of kitchen more playful and bright shades in comparison with other rooms are selected.
It is better to give preference to pastel, light and pure tones. Excellently light-cream, beige, light green, light blue and silver-gray shades look. These colors do even kitchen of visually more spacious, rather small on the area.
Considerable role is played by texture and color of finishing material. Quite effectively the wall where as covering light wood is used looks. Such facing will be perfectly combined with natural tree furniture. Beautiful ware and bright kitchen accessories can be picturesque emphasis on this background.
There are colors which are undesirable for using when finishing kitchen. Refer to them dark brown and black. Such gloomy colors visually reduce the room size. Besides, they are capable to oppress and lower appetite.
At the insufficient illumination of kitchen will help to save situation pink, pistachio, lemon or peach tone, having visually moved apart space and having added light.
The interesting idea – to focus attention on one of walls. It can be made contrast on way of registration or on color. As option — to issue this wall by means of the materials other than the rest of the room. Such wall bears not only decorative, but also practical function. Usually with its help visually allocate certain zone of kitchen.
Most important at material selection and colors for finishing of walls to consider reliability and practical applicability for specific kitchen, being conformed with its design which is thought over to trifles.