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Use of textured plaster enjoys wide popularity not only for registration of facades of the building, but also structural components indoors. Each case of use of material assumes obtaining the exclusive drawing. Besides textured plaster for walls in and outside of the room creates eco-friendly, strong, moisture resistant and long-lasting surface.
Textured plaster for walls: features of structure
Textured mix for walls is heterogeneous viscous mix of white color as a part of which there are different fillers connected determined by cementing agent. As additives stones, ground brick, mica, plaster, fine-grained sand, wood and cotton fibers are used. The look, quantity, the size and color of particles and also technology of drawing define exterior of finishing material. The price of textured plaster for walls depends on type of structure and the producer.
Using this material it is possible to create surface with the different level of granularity, with rough structure, volume reliefs, to execute imitation of stone, tree, velvet or skin. Mix is applied on any surfaces and allows to hide all existing defects of walls.
Depending on binding substance distinguish acrylic, silicate, mineral and silicone textured plaster. Each option has the advantages and shortcomings.
However all of them have basic distinctive features:
- simplicity of drawing which does not demand professional skills;
- elasticity of material that allows to create attractive and unusual surface;
- does not contain toxic substances;
- anti-static character of covering;
- fire resistance;
- high resistance of surface to mechanical influences;
- resistance to influence of ultraviolet rays and moisture;
- resistance to temperature drops;
- the increased vapor permeability;
- material creates good sound and thermal isolation;
- the surface easily is cleaned and washes.
Technology of putting textured plaster
To receive accurate, qualitative and long-lasting surface it is necessary to perform works in certain sequence:
- Preparatory work
- Basic stage
- Creation of the invoice
- Completion phase
Preparatory work requires primer, paint brush, putty, the palette, abrasive paper.
The list of necessary materials for finishing work:
- palettes metal and rubber different sizes;
- level and plumb;
- rollers, brushes, paint;
- painting adhesive tape;
- different devices for giving of the invoice.
Preparation of walls under decorative plaster begins with their cleaning of old covering. The surface has to be equal. By means of putty it is necessary to close up all cracks and slots. Before plaster of walls indoors from gas concrete, foam concrete, brick mounting of armoring lattice which will not allow finishing material to crack and be showered after drying is required, and will create good adhesion of plaster and the basis.
Many types of plaster do not demand preliminary alignment of walls. If the surface has considerable roughnesses, they should be eliminated by means of plaster, limy or cement and sand blend, having executed the plaster of walls on beacons the hands applied in several layers. At the same time it should be taken into account that on drying of one layer about 24 hours can be necessary. Use of cement and sand mix assumes installation of armoring lattice for plaster of walls.
For installation of beacons it is necessary to execute by means of the level or plumb beaconing of walls across and verticals and to reveal all deviations from the equal plane. Beacons fasten by means of self-tapping screws. For determination of thickness of plaster layer to the most convex site of wall beacon thickness increases. If the wall has insignificant errors and roughnesses it is possible to execute plaster of walls the hands without beacons.
Helpful advice! If alignment of walls is too expensive and difficult process, it is recommended to apply plasterboard plates.
The leveled surface is grounded twice. For the best effect it is necessary to use the deep-getting structure which will create good adhesion of plaster with the basis. Acrylic primer well copes with this task. Further, it is necessary to dry well wall before applying facing material.
If finishing work is carried out indoors with the increased humidity level, it is necessary to process surface antifungal structure that will create additional resistance of covering to negative impact of moisture.
Carrying out basic stage
The basic stage represents putting decorative mix which can be executed in several layers. The plaster consumption on 1 sq.m of wall makes 1-2 kg of material. At multilayer covering this indicator increases.
Textured plaster, can be in the form of dry powder where it is necessary to prepare working solution for plaster of walls, having added certain amount of water, or in finished form. Any invoice has traditional white color which to change, it is possible by means of special dyes. For rooms with the increased humidity dyes on moisture resistant basis are used.
Small amount of mix is distributed by the palette on trowel. Further by means of the tool put to wall at an angle about 30 degrees mix is applied. It is necessary to apply material on small sites as it quickly enough grabs. However in working order it very pliable that allows to create any drawing on surface. Thickness of layer has to be not less than 3.5 mm that includes layer about 1.5 mm thick for creation of the invoice.
Special attention is paid to corners. Here plaster is applied by means of the narrow palette and stretches on surface.
Helpful advice! Before putting textured plaster on wall it is necessary to carry out test putting mix “to experience” material, to pick up layer thickness, to try to create future drawing. It will help to avoid mistakes.
Ways of putting decorative plaster
Today there are many different options of obtaining the unique drawing on the processed surface. Everything depends on kind of plaster and technology of its drawing.
There are two options of obtaining decorative effect:
- Forming of patterns by means of different tools and use of textured plaster with different degree of granularity in its structure. Such option is cheaper. Besides it is possible to make textured plaster the hands. Video of carrying out this process will help to study did technologies.
- Use of the impressive roller for decorative plaster with the put ornament. In this case for obtaining the accurate drawing the roller is once carried out on all length or wall height. It is also possible to use the normal roller with different nozzles (to wind with rag, paper, film), which can give a ride diversely on textured plaster. Then by means of the palette it is possible to smooth sharp angles a few.
For obtaining the drawing or ornament it is possible to use ready stamp, having put and having pressed it to plaster. It can be bought or made independently. That the print was accurate it is regularly necessary to clean it from plaster and to moisten with water. To finish the drawing on narrow sites of wall it is possible to use soft option of the stamp made of rubber. Use of print to allow to cut consumption of finishing material.
On wall surface it is possible to create imitation of stone, leather or fabric. By means of trowel or the palette with teeth it is possible to create covering under wild stone. Using brush it is possible to imitate fabric. For this purpose it is necessary to put with brush thin single-layer covering in the vertical or horizontal direction, or turning it as compasses.
Important! During creation of the drawing it is not necessary to go deep to the base of a wall as some fragments can disappear from wall after drying.
When using mix with crushed fines it is possible to use wooden grater for creation of ornament. Moving the tool up-down it is possible to gain effect of “rain”, at horizontal tensions imitation of tree turns out. At the movement of grater around it is possible to gain effect of “wing nut”.
Popular relief textures of textured plaster in interior
One of the most budgetary options putting textured plaster with effect of “fur coat” is considered. It is possible to achieve it, having outlined solution through grid, to spill brush with long pile or broom, having passed on plaster coat by the roller with short fur coat or putting mix pneumogun.
The textured plaster with small granules creating texture of “bark beetle” is considered the most popular. Mix by means of the palette or trowel is applied on wall 3-7 mm thick depending on the size of impregnations. After the surface slightly dries out it is necessary to process it grater in any direction, scratching surface, imitating thereby pattern.
Not less interesting option putting decorative plaster under travertine which imitates laying from natural stone or the stone made old walls is considered. Mix is applied in two layers. For dressing of surface under laying do special grooves by means of improvised tools.
Helpful advice! If to carry out wide dabs the quiet pattern will turn out, small – more saturated drawing.
The technology of putting the Venetian plaster demands certain skill. The prepared wall has to be ideally equal and smooth. Material is applied by means of the polished trowel with thin layer sharp short movements. It is necessary to put 3-10 layers where each of them is ground for more expressed effect of marble. At finishing stage it is necessary to execute iron plating by means of trowel which is pounded on surface with effort for giving to it of noble gloss and the glossy invoice. After the surface has partially dried out, it needs to be polished with wax.
When putting this mix which part marble dust or sand is the effect of marble on wall surface is created. If instead of lime as binding substance, it is used acrylic resins or other polymers, it is possible to achieve effect of leather, silk, suede, nacre or velvet as it is visually shown on room interior photo where the Venetian plaster is used.
One more difficult, but yielding amazing result, is considered technology of putting textured plaster sgraffito. The essence of the equipment consists in drawing on wall surface of several plaster coats of different color. By means of special cliche, the drawing in the most top layer from all put is put. The appeared ornament looks as the fallen shadow or applique.
The “world map” equipment is carried out by plasters with effects in structure: pearl outflow, nacre, metallic or it is decorated by paint with grinding. To be applied on wall surface the first layer which in 20 minutes is rolled by the roller for receiving small fur coat. After full drying of surface chaotic masks unevenly put by means of trowel the second layer. Between dabs of the second layer the surface of the first has to be looked through. After drying the surface needs to be pounded, having smoothed all contrasts and transitions.
After the end of all works on putting plaster, it is necessary to allow surface to dry and harden completely. To be necessary for this purpose not less than 24 hours. Further, it is necessary to process it small abrasive paper for removal of excesses of solution. Then the surface should be grounded.
If plaster of walls under painting was carried out, the surface should be painted in more dark tone by means of the roller or brush with long pile in the beginning, and after drying to cover the acting parts of impressive surface with light paint, using the roller or brush with short pile. The light tone will allow to give volume to decorative plaster. If the ready invoice already contained coloring pigment, it is possible just to mark out the invoice with other shade.
In case of putting textured plaster in rooms where walls are exposed to mechanical damages, it is necessary to cover surface with colourless lacquer or wax that will allow to increase covering life cycle without loss of its original state.
Received, as a result of competent finishing by textured plaster, the surface not only will have attractive exterior, but also will become practical and unpretentious in further operation. She easily is cleaned and washes without use of special cleaning agents. The finishing varnish covering prevents mold growth and fungus on wall surface even in rooms with the increased humidity.
Kinds of textured plaster the hands
There is set of options of preparation by the hands of textured plaster from normal putty.
The simplest option at many masters use of lime mortar for plaster of walls is considered, or to make independently with addition of cement, plaster, sand or clay. Each component is added in certain ratio. For simple lime mortar for plaster of walls, proportions of lime paste and sand make 1:2 – 1:5. The more will be to exhaust, the cleaner the surface will turn out, however the probability of its cracking will increase. If to this mix to add plaster to proportions 1:3, it is possible to receive stronger structure with high adhesion. In case of addition of cement in proportion 1:2 it is possible to receive mix which will be suitable for facing of rooms with the increased humidity.
Helpful advice! For acceleration of grasp of material, except limy plaster blend, it is possible to add glue.
For creation of mix on the basis of plaster it is required:
- 2.5 l of water
- 6 kg of plaster
- 1 kg of marble crumb for receiving relief on surface
- 200 ml of glue for giving to elasticity material
This mix is suitable for any surfaces indoors. However the basis should be to ground and established previously armoring lattice for plaster of brick walls, gas concrete and foam aerated blocks. The consumption of plaster plaster on 1 sq.m of wall makes about 9 kg at thickness of layer of 10 mm.
For preparation of cement plaster it is necessary to mix cement and sand in proportion 1:3-1:6 depending on the necessary durability of material, and then by means of water to bring solution to the correct consistence.
Helpful advice! To give elasticity mixes, on bucket of ready solution it is possible to add 1 tablespoon of cleaning agent.
At the solution of question what plaster better cement or plaster, it is necessary to consider distinctive features of each option from which it will become clear that the plaster blend on some characteristics wins cement. It has the high hydrophobic and adsorbing properties that influences creation of favorable microclimate indoors. Having high rate of viscosity, the cement of plaster turns out more flexible, is more conveniently put and quickly grabs, without cracking at the same time that considerably reduces finishing time. But, it should be taken into account that plaster is susceptible to moisture influence. However today there are structures to which special substances are added that do mix strong and moisture resistant.
Helpful advice! If you have no full confidence in how to plaster walls plaster plaster, video of the instruction of experienced masters on the Internet or on the specialized websites will help and will visually show each stage of such works.
Plaster of walls is applied by cement slurry to finishing of wooden surfaces, walls from sawn gypsum cardboard and earlier plastered, uneven walls. Special purpose tools for example, trowel, the rule, grater and half of the terr which after use need to be cleaned from excesses of cement carefully are applied to work.
How much is plaster of walls?
The correct and high-quality finishing of walls is important component of good repair. Previously having learned, how much is plaster of 1 sq.m. of wall, it is possible to make the decision to execute finishing of walls independently or to invite specialists. But, it is necessary to remember that all features and subtleties of finishing work which is performed by expensive decorative mixes, only the good master knows. Therefore, in order to avoid mistakes it is better to charge this process to the competent specialist who has wide experience. Especially, if it is about the Venetian, Italian, silk, art or author’s relief plaster.
Having asked question, how much is square meter of plaster of walls, it is necessary to study in detail quotations on services which offer many construction organizations and to choose the most acceptable option.
The price for square meter of plaster of walls depends on several factors:
- surface geometry under plaster (marking, installation of beacons, alignment of the basis);
- like the basis on which facing mix will be imposed;
- like decorative plaster;
- way of putting textured plaster.
If walls are previously cleaned from old finishing, then it will not be required to be spent for dismantling of plaster from walls.
Wall decoration textured plaster is the responsible and laborious action demanding the minimum skills. To receive esthetic and long-lasting covering it is necessary to pick up correctly finishing material, to execute preparation of the basis and to competently produce plaster of walls with observance of all rules and recommendations.