Table of Contents
Combination of floor coverings in one room allows to zone accurately it, at the same time the effect of visual increase in space is reached. In certain cases combination of laminate and tile happens it is necessary. For example, in the hall in the place of the most intensive use of floor, near threshold stack tile, and mount laminate further. It allows to provide long duration of operation of floor covering and simplifies care of it. Any tile considerably exceeds the laminated covering on wear resistance, does not avoid damp and dirt. How to combine these two materials and without loss of esthetics and to increase functionality of the room?
Whether it is possible most to combine coverings?
The technology of mounting of the combined floors is not simple and demands certain skill. But if it is good to study the theory on this matter on the Internet, to consult at specialists, to stock up with patience and persistence, then it is possible to combine coverings within one room and independently.
Simplest, of course to combine one material of different structure and to connect it on straight lines, but most often, it is required to connect different materials. Connection on straight line is practiced seldom as it is not absolutely interesting option though, sometimes, quite it is good. Much more interestingly curved connections look, at the same time, than the geometry is more difficult, especially effectively it looks. Laminate cannot be adjusted on height therefore in case with tile, stack at first laminate, and already then to it adjust tile.
Where do combine floor coverings?
Need of combination of floor coverings, most often, arises in kitchen dinning room, the hall and corridors.
The kitchen-dining room is separated into two zones by the principle of the greatest and smallest operational load of covering. The ceramic tile is recommended to be stacked in work area which is affected by high temperatures, to pollution, remoistening. The rest of the dining room can be covered with laminate. Zoning in this case can be made with use of podiums or in one plane. At registration of podium rather simply by means of angular powder to give to construction the finished look, having strengthened protective profile on edge of podium.
In corridors and halls division of zones is made in one horizontal plane, at the same time the tile is stacked near outer door, the area of covering is determined proceeding from convenience reasons. Further stack the laminated covering which covers the rest of corridor and other rooms.
Combination of porcelain tile or tile with laminate or parquet in the living room provides guarantee of long operation of the combined floor covering without the need for repair. At the same time tile spread zones near fireplace.
Features of registration of joints
Certain requirements are imposed to joints and their registration. The threshold needs to be chosen so that it qualitatively connected two materials and at the same time its exterior as much as possible corresponded to style of coverings and rooms. The threshold has to be safe, i.e. densely adjoined to floor that moving on the house, nobody about it stumbled.
It is possible to combine materials by joint cutting method on the planned line and fixing of covering to draft floor with use of special fastenings, or by means of protective profiles (thresholds).
How to execute beautiful joint without threshold?
It is not difficult to execute compound of two different materials without protective profile at direct joint. It is necessary to measure only extremely precisely and to accurately cut elements and not to allow curvature of the line. To carry out wavy joints much more difficult, but designers prefer uneven asymmetric forms as they allow to change space perception visually. Such option is very advantageous at registration of small spaces.
At curvilinear joints follows on the planned line in the beginning to lay tile, its edges have to play for the connection line a little. Naturally, it is previously necessary to observe the general mounting procedure, i.e. in the beginning to lay the main part of laminate, and already then under it to level tile. The laminated boards creating the line of bend are mounted after tile. The tiled covering has to dry out and be linked to the basis well. Panels keep within on tile with an overlap and edges of boards also have to cross the line of joint. Now it is possible to execute marking of panels, to cut off superfluous and to lay closely to tile with gap under putty.
If it is necessary to combine the line of joint at floor with the line of ceiling light, then it is possible to use plumb and the curve which is earlier made for ceiling. Laminate is sawn the electrofret saw, if necessary, the tile is leveled saw with diamond nozzle too. Not to damage laminate, it is better to sort and remove panels away.
After full preparation of cloths, the line of joining needs to be cleaned from dust, crumb and tiled glue carefully. The substrate needs to be cut off so that it did not reach connection edge on 10 cm it must be done to fix laminate and to provide full compatibility of heights of materials. If there is need, then the cut-off edge of panels can be smoothed out accurately not large abrasive paper.
The received seam is carefully filled with finish, at once removing all remains, it is impossible to allow drying up them on the surface of laminate. For high-quality performance of joining often use the pith compensator. In addition to practical function, it bears also esthetic. Application of pith laying is possible only in the presence of absolutely equal joint homogeneous in all respects.
It is possible to hide the insignificant flaws allowed at arrangement of joint by means of silicone sealant, construction foam or mastic. The silicone which is picked up in tone of material, will provide smoothness of transition and esthetic attractiveness of the combined covering. It is necessary to work with foam and sealant extremely accurately as structures very quickly harden and it is difficult to remove them, without having left mark on surface.
In the field of repair construction jobs it is better not for specialist to use protective profiles (thresholds), moldings for connections. At the same time it is necessary to remember that not each profile is capable to cover negligence in work therefore joints need to be carried out extremely accurately. It is also necessary to mean that than the gap is wider, defects of mounting are most visible to those.
Kinds of powders
For connection of the homogeneous and combined floor coverings there are many kinds of transitional thresholds from:
All of them are divided into the straight lines leveling and completing. Each version has the advantages and shortcomings.
Profiles from plastic are popular thanks to the affordable price, but they are recommended to be applied only to joining of homogeneous coverings. In case laminate + the tile is better to use stronger powders – metal.
Metal sections can be made of aluminum, steel and brass. At installation of metal powder the gap has to be provided in order that at expansion laminate could move. The profile from metal guarantees long-lasting and strength connection and in places of the greatest load of floor, it is recommended, whenever possible to use this type of profiles.
MDF thresholds are issued in very good selection, the flexibility of the material applied to their production allows to recommend them for registration of joints of difficult configurations. Rubber profiles are irreplaceable in places where careful sealing of seam is required, i.e. in rooms where there is probability of the passage of large amount of liquids on floor.
All models of profiles are produced in combined option and integral. They can be fixed to the basis by means of fastenings or the gluing basis. As fastenings profiles also subdivide into models with the open and hidden way of fastening. At the hidden option, fastenings are hidden under the decorating level.
The existing practice of combination in one room of different floor coverings provides practicality of its operation. Besides, allows to cut down considerably expenses on repair if for example, porcelain tile to lay out all hall, then it will be rather expensive option of finishing. At combination of porcelain tile with laminate the price of covering falls considerably.