Table of Contents
The mixer is accessory with which we deal not once in day. Established in kitchen or the bathroom it provides us convenience and comfort. Therefore there is a wish that the device remained as long as possible in good repair. It is for this purpose important to pick up device type correctly. It is necessary to know, at least in general as the pleasant model is arranged to understand what problems both quickly can arise with it and correctly to solve them.
Types of mixers
Mixers on sink differ in variety. They can be installed in kitchen or in the bathroom. Their functionality directly depends on design features. Distinguish several types of mixers.
Valve models are most widespread. They differ in availability of two handles flywheels which regulate temperature and pressure of water. Valves put in action locking devices or the crane axle box therefore such mixers still call the crane – axle-box. Latching mechanisms in the equipment can be two types:
- The worm, functioning by the principle traffic jams. When twisting the crane the round rubber gasket located on the end of rod closes opening for water.
- The ceramic, representing two plates with cuts rotating one concerning another. When openings match, water supply begins, at discrepancy of cuts water is blocked.
Peripherical do not differ. However to define what type of the locking device is used in the device, it is necessary to turn flywheels. If the handle moves no more than on half of turn, therefore, in the mixer ceramics. The turn on several turns with additional effort indicates availability worm the crane axle box at the end. This most general division of locking devices. In practice there is set of their subspecies: as rod, on thread, the size, etc.
It is possible to refer high maintainability as the integral body has no moving parts to advantages of valve devices, and all other elements are easily replaced with operable. From shortcomings it should be noted the problems arising by search necessary the crane axle box. The species diversity of parts and lack of any standards seriously complicates it. The nobility what element is required to be replaced follows or precisely, or to remove the broken part and to look for new on sample. It is also not really convenient to adjust pressure and temperature. It is necessary to rotate both flywheels, and to do it long enough that leads to excessive consumption of water.
Sometimes devices call it spherical or one-armed. Adjustment of pressure and mixing of hot/cold water at them happens by means of the special device which is called cartridge. Manage the mixer one handle which is carrying out rotation in two planes. The principle of work of cartridge reminds the device ceramic the crane axle box. In it ceramic plates with small openings also move, regulating pressure and temperature of liquid. Devices happen two types:
- With the rotary body. After mounting on sink part of the body has opportunity to rotate. The handle is located always from above that is very convenient and practical. Advantages of the device are obvious. Profitability as adjustment is carried out by the only lever. Initially it is installed on average situation that significantly saves time for obtaining desirable temperature. Usability as it is possible to turn on the crane even palm rear side that is often relevant at gross contamination of hands. Longer life cycle, than at the crane – axle-box models. The cartridge can be operated within 10 years then it can be replaced. From shortcomings the most significant – the increased risk of failure of the body. Most often figured laying between the internal and rotating part of part spoils. In this case usually it is necessary to change all device as to buy the necessary duplicate part very difficult.
- With the cast body. The handle is located sideways. Rotates having poured out which if necessary is rather easy for replacing. It is possible to carry the same that has been written about devices with the rotary body to positive sides of such mixers. Besides these devices are more reliable as in the body there are no moving parts. They are equipped with completely replaced elements, therefore, are more maintainable. System shortcomings: less convenient location of the handle sideways the device and probable spraying of water in bowl, as devices usually higher.
Devices with the thermostat
Thermostatic mixers belong to mechanisms of new generation. Externally they represent the panel with handles if the device mechanical, or without them, in case of the touch equipment. The device allows to program desirable pressure or temperature which remain in memory of the device and are reproduced at each inclusion. The system has set of indisputable advantages:
- constant pressure at water supply;
- control of temperature;
- control of water flow;
- the device quickly reacts to change of pressure of the pumped water and within two seconds will correct temperature;
- full safety of use: the built-in interlocking system blocks water supply with temperature stated above by default – 38C.
The only lack of system can be considered its rather high cost. Besides it is the best of all to use it complete with the filter of deep cleaning, so it will serve longer, and these are additional expenses.
Touch devices differ from usual in lack of valves and levers. Externally they are normal cranes. The sensor reacting to movements on certain site of space is built in the body of devices. After object of the sizes established in advance is recorded, the system includes water supply. As soon as the sensor ceases “to see” object, water automatically stops being pumped.
System advantage in its absolute hygiene. On handles and valves of normal devices there can live large number of dangerous microorganisms, in this case there is no it. Such property of the mixer can become decisive in the choice of the device for family with small children. Besides the touch equipment is very economic as as soon as the person departs from it, water supply immediately stops. It is possible to carry to number of shortcomings rather high cost and difficulties with repair of the device. To independently recover the device, most likely, it will not turn out.
What it is necessary to pay attention to, buying the mixer
Except device type upon purchase, usually, are guided by design of the device and its price. Cost consists of quality of finishing and the price of material. Respectively the device accepted on quality cannot cost absolutely kopeks. The most budgetary option can be considered the device with the chromeplated covering interfering distribution and emergence of pathogenic microorganisms. More expensive devices can have electroplated brass coating and plug-in designs from precious metals.
The optimal variant based on the ratio of the cost and quality can be considered models with brass tubes of eyeliner. The built-in handles, the rotary lever and the body of such devices it is made of special plastic, to not conceding metal on durability. In the decorative purposes it is chromeplated. Such model will have quite reasonable price, due to simplicity of production and low cost of plastic parts, and also good utilization properties.
The most expensive devices act also as filters, purifying the pumped water. Besides they can be equipped with sliding watering can, different mechanisms of management and in several ways giving of water jet. Differences and in design of devices are also high. The form of handles and cranes can be absolutely various. However choosing the device, you should not forget about its functionality. It is the best of all to pick up model with the most smooth surface. Them it is much easier to operate and keep the chromeplated surface of the device.
One more important nuance: type of fastening of the mixer. It can be intended as for fixing on sink that it is possible to consider the most widespread option, and for fastening on wall, the found type of devices is more rare. In the first case the device can fasten on one or on two pins. It not the most reliable and less convenient fastening in work. It is better to choose the mixer with the nut which is welling up below on part of the body. It is more reliable and it is convenient.
Options of mounting of mixers
Variety of mixers assumes different options of their installation. Let’s consider the most widespread of them.
Installation of the wall equipment
Such system is most often used in the bathroom though if desired it can be established also in kitchen. The design is established not on wall, despite the name, and on corner fittings of pipes of water supply system. The distance between them can not match interaxal distance of the device therefore mounting can be made by means of clowns. They most often are included in the device package.
We install the device with clowns. Specialists recommend to assemble the mixer before installation to check, the thread is how easily joined. Then we arrive as follows:
- We reel up to subhank on semi-inch thread of clowns. It is the best of all to use linen or sanitary thread as afterwards it will be necessary to adjust their situation. The popular fum-tape does not give such opportunity, it is better not to use it.
- We take horn or gas pipe wrench of the necessary diameter and we twist clowns in angular conclusions for water, they are called still by water sockets. We put on them screens.
- We regulate position of the mixer concerning clowns. Fastening nuts have to be wound freely, without the slightest distortions. The body is had absolutely horizontally. For the accuracy of adjustment it is worth using construction level.
- We fix the device on clowns. For this purpose we put laying in nuts and we tighten them. Not to scratch surface we take key with soft sponges. In order to avoid distortion we tighten nuts alternately. We try not to draw them, otherwise it is possible to damage laying.
- We assemble the mixer, without forgetting to condense all threaded connections with laying.
- We carry out trial start-up of water, attentively we examine the device to be convinced that there are no leakages anywhere. If there was leaking, it is necessary to repack thread of clowns or to tighten nuts.
Installation of the mixer with clowns – the simplest option of mounting of the wall mixer, however result of work most often looks not really esthetically. The reason is that clowns have quite big height because of which the device is located at certain distance from wall. For this reason specialists recommend to use adapters, but not clowns if axes of pipes and the mixer match.
If axes nevertheless do not match, it is possible to install water sockets independently. Parts can be got in specialized shops. Devices are issued for all types of pipes. They can be issued both with mounting bar, and without it. More attractively the result of installation of the second option as such water sockets almost completely disappear decorative screens looks. However at their installation ultimate accuracy is required, otherwise it is necessary to use clowns.
It is the simplest to install part with level as here the necessary sizes, usually 150 mm are already verified. However manufacturers can allow certain inaccuracies therefore it is necessary to try on upon purchase the mixer to level. Besides the equipment installed on level also has not absolutely ideal appearance. If nevertheless the first option of installation is chosen, all operations should be carried out very precisely and accurately. The most difficult option of mounting installation of water sockets on ceramic tile is considered.
Let’s consider all stages of mounting:
- We determine the necessary height of installation. Usually mixers with short spouts are installed closer to sink, and with long – is a little higher.
- We mark the chosen place and we paste over them pieces of adhesive plaster 20 cm long. We apply on them marking and, having leveled points level across, we draw between them straight line.
- We fasten water sockets to the mixer, we use at the same time adapters. We press design the basis to marking on plaster so that openings under fixture have matched the pencil line. We plan all openings.
- We take the drill intended for tile with a diameter of 6 mm, we insert it into the drill. Carefully, having included the smallest turns, we carry out openings in tile. We drill through plaster, it has to prevent sliding of drill.
- We take drill of the same size and it is accurately deepened the turned-out openings on several centimeters. We insert dowels.
- We fix water sockets to wall by screws. We bring water to devices and we install adapters. As adjustment of situation will not be required, it is possible to use fum tape.
Further actions for installation are described in the previous instruction.
Mounting of the mixer on sink
Works on equipment installation on sink do not differ in complexity. Accessory materials will not be required. Besides it is not required and to pack thread as complete hoses are already equipped with laying and mating rings. It is the best of all to begin mounting when the sink is not established on table-top or washing yet.
Operations procedure is as follows:
- We check length of hoses and if necessary we change them. They have to be rather long in order that there was no excess tension, but also not to form excessive bends.
- On basic part of the device we establish laying.
- We insert the mixer into bowl opening, from reverse side we put on laying fixture thread and we wind nut.
- We orient the mixer concerning sink and finally we tighten fixture. Now it is necessary to be convinced of reliability of fixing and that at workloads on the handle and turn of spout the equipment will not rotate.
- We connect complete wiring to jellied openings. For bigger convenience at first we wrap hose on which the short union is located, then the second, completed with long. It is necessary to carry out operation extremely carefully, without using the excessive efforts, otherwise it is possible to damage mating rings or to strip thread. Better in effect if there is leaking, slightly to tighten fastening. When choosing hose for cold or hot water it is necessary to be guided by color tags on braid. However most often they interchangeable also have red-blue marking.
- We establish sink into place, but finally we do not fix. We connect hoses to the pipeline. We do the same it accurately accidentally not to damage laying and not to break nut.
- We check tightness of connections. We open plug cocks and we examine the equipment. At emergence of leakages we tighten connections. After check we fix sink on site.
The procedure of connection of the mixer to yet to the sink which is not established into place is so performed. If it is already mounted, process becomes complicated a little, but, in general, does not change.
The choice of the mixer – responsible action. It is necessary to get acquainted attentively with all possible options to pick up the optimum equipment of which reliability and durability it is possible to be sure for the house. Installation of the device can be executed independently, it is not so difficult. The main thing – carefully to implement all clauses of the instruction and to show patience and accuracy. The result of efforts will please all house with the faultless service and excellent exterior.