Table of Contents
The look and sound of water brings harmony in surrounding space, calms nerves and adjusts the person on contemplation and reflections. Pleasantly in leisure hours to spend time near water. Well-groomed and Clean Ponds bring lot of pleasant emotions. And if it has been created for the reason that differently it was impossible to solve problem of improvement of the territory, then pleases owners doubly. Their joy and pride is quite proved because to turn not so simply ordinary swamp into fine reservoir. In order that the decorative reservoir has not lost the attractiveness and romanticism, it is necessary to care all the year round for it, holding the events corresponding to season. They are not difficult and are not labor-consuming, and demand only the competent organization and time of the owner.
If your decorative reservoir has depth to 1 meter, then in the conditions of severe winter it completely will freeze. That there were no problems which frosting can entail, it is necessary to merge all water from pond. If the drain hole is not provided in tanks, water can be extorted the pump or by means of hose, having placed one its end in pond, and another on lower level. It is also possible to release reservoir by means of buckets.
In the presence of draining, its opening needs to be provided with wire mesh guard in order that the garbage has not got to outflow pipe.
After water pumping the pond is covered with polyethylene film, boards, wooden boards tarpaulin or any dense fabric. It will prevent hit of garbage, leaves in capacity and will facilitate spring preparation of pond.
If the reservoir has deep water and hermetic walls, then water in it is left for the winter. It is necessary to take care of that the formed ice has not damaged capacity wall only. For this purpose place thick wooden bars or boards in the center of pond.
If the pond is populated with fishes, it is necessary to care for them throughout all winter period, providing them oxygen access. For this purpose on ice surface there has to be non-freezing ice-hole. The ice-hole can be made, having melted ice by means of vessel with boiled water. Just put the volume begun to boil teapot on ice and check that it has not left under ice. Further the ice-hole needs to be expanded and supported it, regularly watering with boiled water. To inadmissibly leave continuous ice cover more than for week. During this time in reservoir concentration of marsh gas can reach dangerous level and ruin fishes.
If there is opportunity, establish electro pump, on its vertical tube to bottom of pond air will continuously move: the ice-hole at the same time will not freeze. Besides, oxygen will move also tube.
If the pond is populated with warm-water fishes, the heating system will be required.
Of course, it is easier to be controlled with small reservoir during the spring period. It is enough to open of it, to clean bottom and walls from dirt and melt water, to carry out audit on integrity of design and to fill in water.
Any artificial reservoir needs optimum quantity of plants. It is necessary for creation of biological balance. It is considered that not less than 1/3 areas of bottom have to be occupied with underwater plants. Some mistakenly believe that plants provoke water blossoming, bogging of reservoir. All just the opposite, truly calculated settling of reservoir plants and fishes, promotes its self-cleaning. Except fishes, in pond there have to live snails of different types, they clean plants, walls and bottom of reservoir, eating organic raid.
The deep reservoir from which water for the winter is not pumped out needs careful cleaning and renewal of water. Cleaning is begun at once after ice thaws, the coast will dry up and it will become safe to approach water. For a start it is necessary to collect garbage, the flown leaves from water surface. Further it is necessary carefully not to do much harm to water inhabitants, to pump out water from capacity, having left it only in small amount in the very bottom. ½ or at least 1/3 part of water from pond needs to be kept and after cleaning of capacity to pour in it back, having added up to the necessary volume with new water. The remained fishes need to be caught and replaced temporarily in big capacity with water.
The released capacity needs to be cleaned well: to wash plants, to remove silt, raid from walls, stones. It is also necessary to study condition of design, in case of need to make its repair. Old plants need to be removed and if they remained very little, then a little later to plant new. Not to forget where landing is required, it is better to draw the plan of the bottom and to note where and what plants it is necessary to annoy.
It is possible to clean reservoir by means of normal brush, and it is possible to buy the water vacuum cleaner, with it cleaning of reservoir is much easier and more pleasant.
Having cleaned pond and having placed in it back fishes, it is necessary to organize their fertilizing.
To the middle of May when water in reservoir gets warm, it is possible to begin landing of water and near-water plants. In deeper places of reservoir specialists recommend to part to unut, to turch, lagarosifon and rdest, they grow at the bottom, perfectly purify water, produce oxygen. Besides, they are food for fishes and the place of their spawning area. Iris Siberian can be put in shallow water, on the dry coast plant tradescantias. If the area allows, then plant floating water lilies, water-lilies.
If you are going to get new fishes, then it is a high time to occupy them in the spring. Fishes should be let in reservoir how again replaced plants it is good to take roots, otherwise the increased number of water inhabitants can damage them.
Care of reservoir in the summer
During the summer period, especially if days stand hot, and rains are absent, there is intensive evaporation of water from pond therefore it is necessary to watch level. If necessary water needs to be added up to the normal volume, it is necessary to do it delicately, the water jet should not be too strong. The big pressure will lift silt from bottom, can damage plants and create stressful situation for underwater inhabitants. It is not recommended to pour in warm pond water from city water supply system or well.
Warm aquatic environment can easily become nursery for harmful bacteria, excessive feeding of fishes and resterns of plants can become the most important reasons of loss of biological balance in pond. Try to calculate quantity of the forage necessary for underwater inhabitants, consider that they eat water plants and it is always better to underfeed a little them, than to overfeed. If within 15 minutes the normal volume of forage is not eaten, means it is necessary to reduce portions.
At too rough reproduction of plants it is possible to stop their development by means of peat tablets.
If on the bank of pond bushes and trees grow, then on them midges, mosquitoes and other small insects surely accumulate. If to take for the rule regularly water jet to wash away them in reservoir, then these can derive threefold benefit:
- to prevent further reproduction of insects;
- to refresh bushes and trees;
- to diversify food allowance of fishes with fresh forage.
In summertime it is necessary to watch pond surface especially carefully, it is necessary to put away constantly flown garbage, leaves and unfinished fishes of sterns by means of frequent rake or fishing cage. In it skimmers can greatly help, on sale they are available in good selection: from the simplest and cheap models to complex systems on water treatment.
When processing garden plants chemicals, it is necessary to watch that they did not get to water. Spraying should be carried out to windless weather or those days when the direction of wind does not provoke sedimentation of chemicals to pond surface.
Fight against weeds in pond also has to be carried out throughout the entire period of growth of plants. Just as garden, water weeds can captivate reservoir and ruin useful plants. In many regions nitchaty seaweed, water fern (azolla) which grow in water spoil exterior and condition of artificial reservoirs. On water surface the duckweed with light green small leaflets can appear, she is unpretentious, quickly extends and can imperceptibly occupy big squares therefore she needs to be moved away as soon as you notice small education.
What it is necessary to take care in the fall of
The big reservoir is left also underwater inhabitants therefore the main task of the careful owner is preparation of reservoir for winter in the fall remain to winter with water, besides, in it. All plants dump foliage in the fall and, of course, leaves fall in water, they need to be moved away constantly. Their big accumulation at the bottom leads to rotting and damage of water, so and can provoke feeling sick of underwater inhabitants and death of water plants.
Where it is possible, establish protective grids with small cells before the termination of leaf fall.
Pottery near-water plants need to be removed in the heated room. If there is opportunity, organize storage at temperature not higher than + 180C and high humidity.
If the small pond is going for winter to be drained, it is necessary to take care of preservation of water plants in the spring again to plant them. Water-lilies can be planted in soil, it is abundant to water and to close well peat, sawdust or leaves. That it is easier to find plant in the spring, it is necessary to make mark, for example, to hammer near it to the earth wooden peg.
At the majority of water plants kidneys are formed in the fall, they need to be collected and to fill up well with sand in some flat capacity, to water and till February to leave in the cool place with air temperature +5 + 100C. In February capacity with sand and kidneys needs to be brought to the warm room, and in April-May to land escapes in pond.
Features of falls of fertilizing of fishes
Fishes, except warm-water individuals, perfectly transfer winter in reservoirs not less than 1.5 meters in depth, it is necessary to take care of that in pond there were deeper places: 2 and more than a meter. The activity of fishes considerably decreases in the winter, and they do not need fertilizing, during the cold period to them the vegetable diet is sufficient. But in anticipation of frosts it is necessary to feed well fishes with the proteinaceous food containing also amino acids, fatty acids, fat, carbohydrates and vitamins. Complex forages for fishes, are on sale in pet-shops, technology of feeding is painted on packaging with forage. When water temperature in pond to fall to + 100C, feeding should be stopped. Spring fertilizing begins after warming up of water up to the temperatures over + 100C.